Risk Factors Dashboard

Once a year, publicly traded companies issue a comprehensive report of their business, called a 10-K. A component mandated in the 10-K is the ‘Risk Factors’ section, where companies disclose any major potential risks that they may face. This dashboard highlights all major changes and additions in new 10K reports, allowing investors to quickly identify new potential risks and opportunities.

Risk Factors - IEHC

-New additions in green
-Changes in blue
-Hover to see similar sentence in last filing

$IEHC Risk Factor changes from 00/10/08/20/2020 to 00/06/22/23/2023

Item 1A.

Risk Factors: In evaluating our company and our business, you should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below, together with the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The occurrence of one or more of the events or circumstances described in these risk factors, alone or in combination with other events or circumstances, may have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation, revenue, financial condition, results of operations or future prospects, in which case the market price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose part or all of your investment.

The material and other risks and uncertainties summarized in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and described below are not intended to be exhaustive and are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations, financial condition and/or operating results.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including the risks described below. See the section titled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”. Risks Related to Our Business: We operate in a niche industry and our business results may vary from year to year depending upon, among other things, the nature of the ordering cycle of our products which makes it hard to predict demand for our business and may adversely impact our business and results of operations. We manufacture PCB connector offerings for specialized applications and our customers include defense contractors, commercial aerospace equipment manufacturers, medical device manufacturers, oil and gas exploration firms, and commercial space launch companies. Our products are typically a small part in a larger end product used by our customers. Supply shortages or other factors impacting third party suppliers that supply different parts to our customers for use in the same end product in which our product is used can impact demand for our products. For example, recent supply shortages for parts produced by other manufacturers in the end product in which our product is used we believe has caused delays in ordering our products. In addition, due to the specialized nature of our products, we often manufacture limited quantities of our products. Since we are producing customized products in smaller quantities, we are not able to achieve economies of scale, we are unable to obtain bulk discounts on our orders for raw materials and sometimes the fulfillment of the supply of the raw materials used in our products is delayed because our suppliers may prioritize larger orders. All of these factors may have an adverse impact on our business and results of operations. In addition, the ultimate end product in which our products are used have long and irregular ordering cycles which may cause our business results to vary year to year. For example, some of our products are used in airplanes which often are operable for about thirty years and thus are replaced over longer time horizons than many other products and are susceptible to changes in the demand for travel. The ordering cycle for our customers is often irregular and hard to predict. For example, our sales have declined, generally on a quarter over quarter basis, from the quarter ended September 30, 2020 through the quarter ended March 31, 2022, and we are unable to predict if or when they will increase in the future. This makes it difficult for us to anticipate when demand increases will occur and adjust our business and ordering to accommodate fluctuations in demand. If we are not able to ramp production up or down quickly enough in response to rapid changes in demand, we may not be able to effectively manage our costs, which could negatively impact operating results, and we may lose sales and market share. The loss of certain substantial customers could materially and adversely affect us. During the year ended March 31, 2022, approximately 37.1% of the Company’s total net sales were from three customers, and consists individually of 12.5%, 12.3% and 12.3% of our total net sales for the year. During the year ended March 31, 2021, approximately 36.0% of the Company’s total net sales were from three customers, and consists individually of 17.3%, 10.4% and 8.3% of our total net sales for the year. During the year ended March 31, 2020, approximately 36.6% of the Company’s total net sales were from three customers, and consists individually of 13.6%, 13.1% and 9.9% of our total net sales for the year. We believe that the loss of one or more of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations. We have experienced significant concentrations of customers in prior years. Furthermore, factors that negatively impact the businesses of our major customers could materially and adversely affect us even if the customer represents a relatively small part of our net sales. 5 We may need additional funding in the future and if we are unable to raise capital when needed, we could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our production or business efforts. Although we have enough working capital in the short term, we may need to raise additional funding in connection with our continuing operations through the debt or equity markets in the future. If we are to raise capital when needed or on attractive terms, we could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our business efforts. Any capital raising efforts would also be impacted by our administrative proceeding with the SEC pursuant to Exchange Act section 12(j), and whether the SEC suspends for up to twelve months, or revokes, the registration of our securities. Any additional fundraising efforts may divert our management from their day-to-day activities, which may adversely affect our business. In addition, we cannot guarantee that future financing will be available in sufficient amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all. Additionally, market volatility resulting from macroeconomic conditions or other factors could also adversely impact our ability to access capital as and when needed. Moreover, the terms of any financing may adversely affect the holdings or the rights of our stockholders and the issuance of additional securities, whether equity or debt, by us, or the possibility of such issuance, may cause the market price of our shares to decline. The sale of additional equity or convertible securities would dilute all of our stockholders and may decrease our stock price. The incurrence of indebtedness could result in increased fixed payment obligations and we may be required to agree to certain restrictive covenants, such as limitations on our ability to incur additional debt, limitations on our ability to acquire, sell, or license intellectual property rights and other operating restrictions that could adversely impact our ability to conduct our business. We could also be required to seek funds through arrangements with partners or others and we may be required to relinquish rights to some of our intellectual property or otherwise agree to terms unfavorable to us, any of which may have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and prospects. If we are unable to obtain funding on a timely basis, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially affected. Our failure to prepare and timely file our periodic reports with the SEC limits our access to the public markets to raise debt or equity capital. We did not file our Quarterly and Annual Reports following our fiscal 2020 Annual Report with the SEC; thus, we have not remained current in our reporting requirements with the SEC. We are not currently eligible to use a registration statement on Form S-3 that would allow us to continuously incorporate by reference our SEC reports into the registration statement, or to use “shelf” registration statements to conduct offerings, until approximately one year from the date we regained and maintain status as a current filer. If we wish to pursue an offering now, we would be required to conduct the offering on an exempt basis, such as in accordance with Rule 144A, or file a registration statement on Form S-1. Using a Form S-1 registration statement for a public offering would likely take significantly longer than using a registration statement on Form S-3 and increase our transaction costs, and could, to the extent we are not able to conduct offerings using alternative methods, adversely impact our ability to raise capital or complete acquisitions of other companies in a timely manner. The Company may have limited intellectual property protection. The Company possesses certain proprietary intellectual property, including but not limited to, trade secrets, know-how and proprietary processes. The Company relies on this intellectual property, know-how and other proprietary information, and requires employees, consultants and suppliers to sign confidentiality agreements. However, these confidentiality agreements may be breached, and the Company may not have adequate remedies for such breaches. Third parties may independently develop substantially equivalent proprietary information without infringing upon any proprietary technology. Third parties may otherwise gain access to proprietary information and adopt it in a competitive manner. Any loss of intellectual property protection may have a material adverse effect on the business, results of operations or prospects. 6 We are a niche manufacturer of highly engineered products that are high value/short run, using a unique mix of labor and capital equipment. Our engineers provide HYPERBOLOID interconnect solutions for defense, commercial, aerospace and medical use. Our products are specialized and require special equipment and skilled workers to operate our machinery. Our reliance on our skilled labor and capital equipment subjects us to a number of risks that could negatively affect our ability to manufacture our products and harm our business, including interruption of supply. We expect our overall reliance on our mix of labor and capital equipment to continue. Any significant delay or interruption in our mix of labor and capital equipment could impair our ability to meet the demand of our customers and could harm our business. With changes in demand, labor costs, and capital equipment costs, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain the labor and capital equipment mix and therefore maintain our margins. A significant design, manufacturing or supplier quality issue could adversely affect profitability. As a manufacturer of highly engineered products, the performance, reliability and productivity of the Company’s products are some of its competitive advantages. While the Company prides itself on implementing procedures to ensure the quality and performance of its products and suppliers, a significant quality or product issue, whether due to design, performance, manufacturing or supplier quality issue, could lead to scrapping of raw materials, finished goods or returned products, the deterioration in a customer relationship, or other action that could adversely affect costs, future sales and profitability. We recently opened a satellite facility in Allentown, PA and if we are unable to successfully integrate the facility into our operations, our manufacturing and business could be adversely impacted. We recently opened a new manufacturing facility in Allentown, PA in December 2021. While we have commenced operations at the facility, we continue to staff and equip the facility. We will need to hire additional personnel to staff and maintain this facility with the technical qualifications to do so. Labor is subject to external factors that are beyond our control, including our industry’s competitive market for skilled workers, cost, inflation and workforce participation rates. There is also increased risk that we will fail to maintain our culture as we seek to maintain our culture at the new facility. The failure to successfully integrate the new facility with our business could seriously harm our business and prospects. In addition, ramping up production at the new facility is necessarily time intensive, costly and inefficient. If we are unable to successfully ramp up and continue to operate our new facility, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected. A shortage of availability or an increase in the cost of raw materials and other resources may adversely impact our ability to manufacture our products at cost effective prices and thus may negatively impact profit margins. Our results of operations may be materially adversely impacted by difficulties in obtaining raw materials, supplies, power, labor and any other items needed for the production of our products, as well as by the effects of quality deviations in raw materials and the effects of significant fluctuations in the prices. These factors, among others, could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition or liquidity and cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in statements made in this report and presented elsewhere by management from time to time. Many of these materials and components are produced by a limited number of suppliers and their availability to us may be constrained by supplier capacity. In 2021, pandemic-related issues created port congestion and intermittent supplier shutdowns and delays, resulting in additional expenses and increasing prices of raw materials generally. Any material disruption to our raw materials and other resources could materially adversely affect our financial results. Profit margins will be materially and adversely impacted if we are not able to reduce our costs of production, introduce technological innovations, or pass through cost increases to customers. 7 Our success is dependent on the performance of our management and the cooperation, performance and retention of our executive officers and key employees. Our success is dependent on the performance of our management and the cooperation, performance and retention of our executive officers and key employees. Our business and operations are substantially dependent on the performance of our senior management team and executive officers. Our business and operations are substantially dependent on the performance of our senior management team and executive officers. If our management team is unable to perform it may adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition. We do not maintain “key person” life insurance on any of our executive officers. The loss of one or several key employees could seriously harm our business. Any reorganization or reduction in the size of our employee base could harm our ability to attract and retain other valuable employees critical to the success of our business. If we lose key personnel or fail to integrate replacement personnel successfully, our ability to manage our business could be impaired. Our future success depends upon the continued service of our key management, technical, sales, finance, and other critical personnel. Our future success depends upon the continued service of our key management, technical, sales, finance, and other critical personnel. We cannot assure you that we will be able to retain them. The loss of any key employee could result in significant disruptions to our operations, including adversely affecting the timeliness of product releases, the successful implementation and completion of Company initiatives, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal control over financial reporting, and the results of our operations. In addition, hiring, training, and successfully integrating replacement sales and other personnel could be time consuming, may cause additional disruptions to our operations, and may be unsuccessful, which could negatively impact future revenues. We are a small business that competes globally in a competitive industry that is highly fragmented. The market for connectors and interconnect devices, domestic and worldwide, is highly fragmented as a result of the manufacture by many companies of a multitude of different types and varieties of connectors and interconnects. The Company has been servicing a niche in the market by manufacturing connectors containing HYPERBOLOID contact designs in the printed wiring board style of connectors. The connector and interconnect device industry is competitive and fragmented and includes numerous small organizations capable of competing in the markets we target. Although large companies tend to not compete directly with us due to the customized and small batch nature of our business, large companies compete in adjacent industries and possess substantially greater financial and other resources than we do. Larger competitors’ greater resources could allow those competitors to compete more effectively than we can. Our competitors have successfully built their names in the industry in which we compete. These various competitors may be able to offer products more competitively priced and more widely available than our offerings, and also have greater resources to acquire members and suppliers than us. Failure to compete in the industry in which we operate would adversely affect our results of operations, and thus you may lose your entire investment. Our results of operations and financial condition have been and may in the future be adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Occurrences of epidemics or pandemics, depending on their scale, may cause different degrees of disruption to the regional, state and local economies in which we offer our products. The COVID-19 pandemic caused changes in customer behavior, as well as economic disruptions. Although consumer activity has improved since the start of the pandemic and government restrictions have been lifted in the United States, recovery varies globally and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and its effects continue to evolve. Supply chain issues, inflationary pressures, the emergence of new variants and the reinstatement and subsequent lifting of restrictions and health and safety related measures in response to the emergence of new variants have contributed in the past to the volatility of ongoing recovery. We are unable to predict the future path or impact of any global or regional COVID-19 resurgences, including existing or future variants, or other public health crises. The reinstatement and subsequent lifting of these measures may occur periodically, which could adversely affect our business, operations and financial condition, as well as the business, operations and financial conditions of our customers and suppliers. 8 Accounting Related Risks and Other Factors: Management identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. Such weaknesses may lead to additional risks and uncertainties, including stockholder or other actions, loss of investor confidence and negative impacts on our stock price. Such weakness may lead to additional risks and uncertainties, including stockholder or other actions, loss of investor confidence and negative impacts on our stock price. Failure to achieve and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting could result in our failure to accurately or timely report our financial condition or results of operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and stock price. Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting and for evaluating and reporting on the effectiveness of our system of internal control. Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP. As a public company, we are required to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other rules that govern public companies. In particular, we are required to certify our compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which requires us to furnish annually a report by management on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Management performed an assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2022 and concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of March 31, 2022, as certain of the Company’s controls associated with reconciliations of inventory, cost of products sold and income taxes, as well as for the calculation of stock-based compensation awards, were not operating effectively. Further, the Company has not established an effective control environment due to the ineffective design and implementation of Information Technology General Controls (“ITGC”). The Company’s ITGC deficiencies included improperly designed controls pertaining to change management and user access rights over systems that are critical to the Company’s system of financial reporting. We have taken and continue to take remedial steps to improve our internal control over financial reporting. For further discussion of the material weakness identified and our remedial efforts, see Item 9A, Controls and Procedures. Management is working to remediate the identified material weaknesses. Remediation efforts place a significant burden on management and add increased pressure to our financial resources and processes. We may not be able to fully remediate these material weaknesses until additional steps have been completed and have been operating effectively for a sufficient period of time. We cannot assure you that the measures we have taken to date and plan to take will be sufficient to remediate the material weaknesses we identified or avoid the identification of additional material weaknesses in the future. If we are unable to successfully remediate our existing material weakness or any additional material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting that may be identified in the future in a timely manner, the accuracy and timing of our financial reporting may be adversely affected; our liquidity, our access to capital markets, the perceptions of our creditworthiness and our ability to complete acquisitions may be adversely affected; we may be unable to maintain or regain compliance with applicable securities laws, applicable listing requirements and other requirements; we may be subject to regulatory investigations and penalties; investors may lose confidence in our financial reporting; our reputation may be harmed; we may suffer defaults, accelerations or cross-accelerations under our debt instruments or derivative arrangements to the extent we are unable to obtain additional waivers from the required creditors or counterparties or are unable to cure any breaches; and our stock price may decline. Moreover, because of the inherent limitations of any control system, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected and corrected on a timely basis, or at all. If we are unable to provide reliable and timely financial reports in the future, our business and reputation may be further harmed. Restated financial statements and failures in internal control may also cause us to fail to meet reporting obligations, negatively affect investor and customer confidence in our management and the accuracy of our financial statements and disclosures, result in events of default under our banking agreements, or result in adverse publicity and concerns from investors and customers, any of which could have a negative effect on the price of our common stock, subject us to regulatory investigations and penalties or additional stockholder litigation, and have a material adverse impact on our business and financial condition. Efforts to comply with the applicable provisions of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act will involve significant expenditures, and non-compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may adversely affect us and the market price of our common stock. 6 Efforts to comply with the applicable provisions of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act will involve significant expenditures, and non-compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may adversely affect us and the market price of our common stock. Under current SEC rules, we are required to report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. We will be required to review on an annual basis our internal control over financial reporting, and on a quarterly and annual basis to evaluate and disclose changes in our internal control over financial reporting. As a result, we expect to incur additional expenses in the near term that may negatively impact our financial performance. As a result, we expect to incur additional expenses in the near term that may negatively impact our financial performance and our ability to make distributions. This process also will result in a diversion of management’s time and attention. We cannot be certain as to the timing of completion of our evaluation, testing and remediation actions or the impact of the same on our operations, and we may not be able to ensure that the process is effective or that our internal control over financial reporting is or will be effective in a timely manner. In the event that we are unable to maintain or achieve compliance with the applicable provisions of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and related rules, we and the market price of our common stock may be adversely affected. 9 We identified certain misstatements to our previously issued financial statements and have restated the financial statements described below, which has exposed us to a number of additional risks and uncertainties. As discussed in the Explanatory Note, Note 2 and Note 15 of our Financial Statements, we restated our previously issued audited financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2020 and its interim financial statements for the quarterly periods ended September 27, 2019 and December 31, 2019. In connection with the Company’s migration to the new accounting system, including the reconciliation of the old and new systems and preparation of its year end accounting, management discovered that inventory balances previously reported as of September 27, 2019, December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2020, were misstated. As a result of the misstatements and the restatement, we have become subject to a number of additional risks and uncertainties and unanticipated costs for accounting, legal and other fees and expenses, including risks of lawsuits. Any actions, lawsuits or other legal proceedings related to the misstatements or the restatement could result in reputational harm, additional defense and other costs, regardless of the outcome of the lawsuit or proceeding. In addition, we continue to be at risk for loss of investor confidence, loss of key employees, changes in management or our board of directors and other reputational issues, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations. The restatement of our financial statements described above has diverted, and our ongoing efforts to remediate our internal control may continue to divert, management from the operation of our business. The absence of timely and accurate financial information has hindered and may in the future hinder our ability to effectively manage our business. The Board of Directors, members of management, and our accounting and other staff have spent significant time on the restatement and remediation and will continue to spend significant time on remediation of internal control over our financial reporting. These resources have been, and will likely continue to be, diverted from the strategic and day-to-day management of our business and may have an adverse effect on our ability to accomplish our strategic objectives. We may face litigation and regulatory action relating to the restatement of our financial statements. We cannot ensure that litigation or other claims by shareholders will not be brought in the future arising out of the restatement of our financial statements. We may also be subject to further examinations, investigations, proceedings and orders by regulatory authorities, including a cease and desist order, suspension of trading of our securities, delisting of our securities and/or the assessment of possible civil monetary penalties. Any such further actions could be expensive and damaging to our business, results of operations and financial condition. We have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant expenses related to the restatement and remediation of deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures, and any resulting litigation. We have devoted and expect to continue to devote substantial internal and external resources towards remediation efforts relating to the restatement of our financial statements, the management review process and other efforts to implement effective internal controls. Because of these efforts, we have incurred and expect that we will continue to incur significant fees and expenses for legal, accounting, financial and other consulting and professional services, as well as the implementation and maintenance of systems and processes that will need to be updated, supplemented or replaced.

As described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we have taken a number of steps in order to strengthen our accounting function so as to allow us to be able to provide timely and accurate financial reporting. However, we cannot assure you that these steps will be successful. To the extent these steps are not successful, we could be required to incur significant additional time and expense. The expenses we are incurring in this regard, as well as the substantial time devoted by our management towards identifying and addressing the internal control deficiencies, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. 10 RISKS RELATED TO THE COMPANY’S EFFORTS TO BECOME CURRENT IN ITS PERIODIC REPORTING AND BEING A PUBLIC COMPANY As a result of the Company’s late periodic filings, the SEC instituted an administrative proceeding pursuant to Section 12(j) of the Exchange Act to determine whether it is appropriate to suspend for up to twelve months or revoke the registration of the Company’s common stock. Although we have filed an answer to the Order, conducted a prehearing conference with the SEC’s staff, and filed an Opposition Brief to the SEC Division of Enforcement’s Motion for Summary Disposition, the ultimate outcome of the administrative proceeding may be adverse to the Company, and may result in the suspension or revocation of the registration of our common stock. The Company is currently delinquent in its periodic reporting obligations and as a result the SEC instituted administrative proceedings on August 17, 2022 (the “Order”) pursuant to Section 12(j) of the Exchange Act to suspend or revoke the registration of our common stock. On October 3, 2022, we filed an answer to the Order and on October 13, 2022, we conducted a prehearing conference with SEC staff in the Division of Enforcement. On March 1, 2023 the SEC’s Division of Enforcement filed a Motion for Summary Disposition, on March 15, 2023, IEH filed an opposition brief to the SEC Division of Enforcement’s Motion for Summary Disposition, and on March 29, 2023, the SEC’s Division of Enforcement filed a Reply in Support of its Motion for Summary Disposition. The Commission will issue a decision on the basis of the record in the proceeding. The Company cannot at this time predict the timing of a decision by the Commission or the outcome of such decision. Although the Company continues to make progress towards completion of its periodic reports and intends to vigorously defend against the allegations in the Order to avoid possible suspension or revocation of the registration of its common stock, if the SEC issues a final order to suspend or revoke the registration of the Company’s common stock, brokers, dealers and other market participants would be prohibited from buying, selling, making market in, publishing quotations of, or otherwise effecting transactions with respect to, such common stock until, in the case of suspension, the lifting of such suspension, or, in the case of a revocation, the Company files a new registration statement with the SEC under the Exchange Act and that registration statement is declared effective. As a result, public trading of the Company’s common stock would cease and investors would find it extraordinarily difficult to acquire or dispose of the Company’s common stock or obtain accurate price quotations for the Company’s common stock, which could result in a significant decline in the value of the Company’s stock. In addition, the Company’s business may be adversely impacted, including, without limitation, an adverse impact on the Company’s ability to issue stock to raise equity capital, engage in business combinations or provide employee incentives. The Company faces challenges in producing accurate financial statements and periodic reports as required on a timely basis.

As discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we discovered that inventory balances previously reported were misstated as a result of our migration to a new SAP System of accounting. Ultimately, there were a number of issues with the SAP System, including system design and implementation issues as well as utilization issues. As a result, the Company has hired a number of third party consultants and additional personnel and enhanced many aspects of its accounting procedures. Although the Company believes it has discovered and improved all of the issues that resulted in the misstated financials, the Company is still in the process of assimilating these complex and pervasive changes and improving utilization, continues to have material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting and, as a result, cannot assure you that the Company will not experience additional errors or delays with respect to the preparation of its financial statements and its periodic reports in the future. In addition, as previously noted, the Company has engaged outside consulting firms and other external consultants to assist its finance organization in completing the preparation of its financial statements, and preparing this Annual Report and other periodic reports. The Company relies heavily on these third party consultants who assist in the preparation of financial statements, including extracting financial data from our SAP System, and the timely filing of periodic reports with the SEC. If our third party consultants are unable to provide the Company with the necessary assistance and financial information in a timely manner, the Company will be unable to file its periodic reports when due. In addition, replacing these consultants with new employees may result in the loss of important institutional knowledge or otherwise create transitional issues that could delay the preparation of financial statements and periodic reports. Furthermore, in 2021 and 2022, we have experienced attrition of employees at the consulting firms on which we rely. If we are unable to rely on our third party consultants in the future or we do not receive their assistance in a timely manner, we may in the future have delays in reporting which could adversely affect our business. Potential for future errors in the application of accounting rules and pronouncements. The completion of the audits of our financial statements involved significant review and analyses, including highly technical analyses of data and business practices and the extraction of data from the SAP System. Given the complexity and scope of this process, and despite the extensive time, effort and expense that went into it, additional accounting errors may in the future come to light in these or other areas that may result in future restatements. Efforts by the Company to become current in its periodic reporting obligations have required diversion of management’s attention from business operations, led to concerns on the part of investors about the financial condition of the Company and potential loss of business opportunities and resulted in the incurrence of substantial expenses. The loss of any key employee could result in significant disruptions to our operations, including adversely affecting the timeliness of product releases, the successful implementation and completion of Company initiatives, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal control over financial reporting, and the results of our operations. Since discovering the issues with the Company’s previously reported financials in connection with the Company’s transition to the SAP System, the Company’s management, including its finance and accounting personnel, has devoted and continue to devote substantial time, effort and resources to its efforts to become current in its periodic reporting obligations, in addition to performing its day-to-day duties. These efforts and the exigent circumstances have diverted and may continue to divert, management’s attention away from our business. In addition, the delay in the completion of the Company’s periodic reports and the financial condition of the Company have caused concerns on the part of investors and may have resulted in the loss of potential business opportunities or declines in the value of the Company’s common stock. 11 In addition, to assist their respective finance and accounting teams, the Company engaged outside accounting consulting firms and other external consultants to assist in the preparation of financial statements and periodic reports and has incurred and continues to incur substantial expenses for their services, in addition to incurring substantial expenses for external legal, tax and other professional services. The staff of the SEC may review the periodic reports of the Company and may request amendments of financial information or other disclosures. Following its review of periodic reports (including, but not limited to, this Annual Report) filed with the SEC, the staff of the SEC may request that the Company make additional changes to its reporting of financial information contained in such periodic reports, potentially requiring amendments to their financial information or other disclosure. Any further amendments to the financial information of the Company, among other things: The requirements of being a public company may strain our resources, divert management’s attention and affect its ability to attract and retain qualified board members. As a public company listed in the U.S., we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”) and any rules promulgated thereunder. Our management team may not successfully or efficiently manage being a public company that is subject to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under the federal securities laws and the continuous scrutiny of securities analysts and investors. Operating a public company requires significant attention from our senior management and could divert their attention away from the day-to-day management of our business, which could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition. For example, the requirements of these rules and regulations increase our legal and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming or costly, and increase demand on our systems and resources. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls for financial reporting. In order to maintain and improve our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting to meet this standard, significant resources and management oversight is required and, as a result, management’s attention may be diverted from other business concerns. The costs of compliance with public company reporting requirements and our potential failure to satisfy these requirements could have a material adverse effect on our operations, business, financial condition or results of operations. In order to satisfy our obligations as a public company, we may need to hire qualified accounting and financial personnel with appropriate public company experience. As a public company, we need to establish and maintain effective disclosure and financial controls and make changes in our corporate governance practices. We may need to hire additional accounting and financial personnel with appropriate public company experience and technical accounting knowledge, and it may be difficult to recruit and retain such personnel. Even if we are able to hire appropriate personnel, our existing operating expenses and operations will be impacted by the direct costs of their employment and the indirect consequences related to the diversion of management resources from research and development efforts. 12 RISKS RELATED TO OUR COMMON STOCK Our stock price is volatile and could decline; there is currently a limited trading market for our common stock and we cannot predict how liquid the market might become. There has been a limited trading market for our common stock and we cannot predict how liquid the market for our common stock might become. On September 28, 2021 our stock began trading in accordance with the OTC Pink Sheet No Information tier. Broker dealer firms are not able to provide stock quotes for IEH’s common stock and transactions are limited to the “Expert” market. The quotation of our common stock on the OTC Pink Sheets does not assure that a meaningful, consistent and liquid trading market exists. The market price for our common stock is subject to volatility and holders of our common stock may be unable to resell their shares at or near their original purchase price, or at any price. In the absence of an active trading market, investors may have difficulty buying and selling, or obtaining market quotations for our common stock; market visibility for our common stock may be limited; and a lack of visibility for our common stock may have a depressive effect on the market for our common stock. While we intend to regain listing on an actively traded platform, there can be no assurance that we will be successful. The price of our common stock has been, and is likely to continue to be, volatile. For example, our stock price during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022 traded as low as $11.95 per share and as high as $18.85 per share and as high as $23. 25 per share.95 per share. During the period April 1, 2022 through June16, 2023, our stock price traded as low as $5.75 per share and as high as $12.45 per share.95 per share. Fluctuations may be exaggerated since the trading volume is and would likely be volatile, limited, and sporadic. These fluctuations may or may not be based upon any business or operating results. We cannot assure you that your investment in our common stock will not decline. Except for a single dividend declared and paid in 2017, we have not paid dividends in the past and do not expect to pay dividends in the future. Any return on investment may be limited to the value of our common stock. Except for a single dividend declared and paid in 2017, we have never paid cash dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate doing so in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends on our common stock will depend on earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors affecting us at such time as our board of directors may consider relevant. If we do not pay dividends, our common stock may be less valuable because a return on your investment will only occur if our stock price appreciates. The Offerman family has substantial influence over our management and policies, and their interests may conflict with ours or yours in the future. Gail Offerman and Dave Offerman, our Chief Executive Officer, (the “Offerman Investors”) beneficially own approximately 47% of our common stock as of June 22, 2023, and will generally vote together as a single class on matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders. As a result, the Offerman Investors may exert a substantial influence on other actions requiring a shareholder vote, potentially in a manner that you do not support, including the election and removal of directors and the approval of any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets. In addition, the ownership of such stockholders could preclude any unsolicited acquisition of us, and consequently, adversely affect the price of our common stock. In addition, the Offerman Investors and their affiliates exercise significant influence over the operations of our Company because the Company has been a business led by the Offerman family for generations. These stockholders may make decisions that are adverse to your interests. We have reduced disclosure and governance requirements applicable to smaller reporting companies, which could result in our common stock being less attractive to investors. We have a public float of less than $250 million and therefore qualify as a smaller reporting company under the rules of the SEC. As a smaller reporting company, we are able to take advantage of reduced disclosure requirements, such as simplified executive compensation disclosures, exemption from the provisions of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requiring that our independent registered public accounting firm provide an attestation report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting and reduced financial statement disclosure requirements in our SEC filings. Decreased disclosures in our SEC filings due to our status as a smaller reporting company may make it harder for our investors to analyze our results of operations and financial prospects. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive due to our reliance on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be volatile. There are risks related to the implementation of our perpetual accounting system. We have been engaged in a multi-year process of conforming the majority of our operations onto a new perpetual accounting system, SAP’s Business One system along with an add-on, Beas Manufacturing, to replace its legacy periodic accounting system with the purpose of improving our financial reporting. We have identified the errors that led to the restatement of previously reported financials, any significant deficiency in the design and implementation of the SAP System could negatively impact our financial data and may result in inaccurate financials or delays in our periodic reports with the SEC, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. 13 Risks Related to General Economic Conditions and Other Factors: Changes in general economic conditions, geopolitical conditions, U. 7 Risks Related to General Economic Conditions and Other Factors: Changes in general economic conditions, geopolitical conditions, U. S. trade policies and other factors beyond the Company’s control may adversely impact our business and operating results. The Company’s operations and performance depend significantly on global, regional and U.S. economic and geopolitical conditions. The United States has from time to time experienced challenging economic conditions, including in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, and the global financial markets have recently undergone and may continue to experience significant volatility and disruption. Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected by changes in consumer confidence, levels of unemployment, inflation, interest rates, tax rates and general uncertainty regarding the overall future economic environment. A recession or slowdown in the economy may cause a decline in demand for our products and have a negative impact on our business. We are also impacted by changes in trade policy. In recent years, there has been discussion and dialogue regarding potential significant changes to U.S. trade policies, legislation, treaties and tariffs. Changes to current policies by the U.S. or other governments could affect our business, including potentially through increased import tariffs and other influences on U.S. trade relations with other countries. The imposition of additional tariffs or other trade barriers could increase our costs in certain markets, and may cause our customers to find alternative sourcing. In addition, other countries may change their own policies on business and foreign investment in companies in their respective countries. Additionally, it is possible that U.S. policy changes and uncertainty about such changes could increase market volatility and currency exchange rate fluctuations. Market volatility and currency exchange rate fluctuations could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. As a result of these dynamics, we cannot predict the impact to our business of any future changes to the U.S.’s trading relationships. A number of other economic and geopolitical factors both in the United States and abroad could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, such as: ●a global or regional economic slowdown in any of the Company’s market segments; ●postponement of spending, in response to tighter credit, financial market volatility and other factors; ●effects of significant changes in economic, monetary and fiscal policies in the United States and abroad including significant income tax changes, currency fluctuations and inflationary pressures; ●rapid material escalation of the cost of regulatory compliance and litigation; ●changes in government policies and regulations affecting the Company or its significant customers or suppliers; ●employment regulations and local labor conditions, including increases in employment costs; ●industrial policies in various countries that favor domestic industries over multinationals or that restrict foreign companies altogether; ●longer payment cycles; and ●credit risks and other challenges in collecting accounts receivable. The global nature of our operations exposes us to numerous risks that could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. We serve customers in the United States and abroad, with a sales presence in over 40 countries. Sales outside of the United States are subject to various risks that may not be present or as significant for our U.S. operations. Economic uncertainty in some of the geographic regions in which we sell our products could result in the disruption of commerce and negatively impact cash flows from our operations in those areas. Risks inherent in our international operations include, among others: ●COVID-19-related closures and other pandemic-related uncertainties in the countries in which we operate; ●Import and export regulations that could erode profit margins or restrict exports; ●Foreign exchange controls and tax rates; ●Foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, including devaluations; 14 ●Changes in regional and local economic conditions, including local inflationary pressures; ●Difficulty of enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through certain foreign legal systems; ●Variations in protection of intellectual property and other legal rights; ●Inability or regulatory limitations on our ability to move goods across borders; ●Changes in laws and regulations, including the laws and policies of the United States affecting trade, tariffs and foreign investment; ●Restrictive governmental actions such as those on transfer or repatriation of funds and trade protection matters, including antidumping duties, tariffs, trade wars, embargoes and prohibitions or restrictions on acquisitions or joint ventures; ●Unsettled political conditions and possible terrorist attacks against U.S. or other interests; and ●Political tensions and armed conflict, such as the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine. If we are unable to anticipate and effectively manage these and other risks, it could have a material and adverse effect on our business, our results of operations and financial condition. We are the primary source for various commercial and aerospace applications in China. There is always a risk of being second sourced by domestic manufacturers, and trade tensions or nationalizing supply chains adversely impacting our business. Sales to customers located outside the U.S. accounted for approximately 23.8%, 23.3% and 18.4% of our revenue in fiscal years ended March 31, 2022, March 31, 2021, and March 31, 2020, respectively. Of these amounts, approximately 68.2%, 85.8%, and 47.0% were attributable to sales to customers located in China in fiscal years ended March 31, 2022, March 31, 2021, and March 31, 2020, respectively. We expect that revenue from international sales to China will continue to be a significant part of our total revenue. Any weakness in the Chinese economy could result in a decrease in demand for consumer products that contain our products, which could materially and adversely affect our business. In addition, there is a risk that manufacturers in China may compete with us and replace us. The imposition by the U.S. of tariffs on goods imported from China, countermeasures imposed by China in response, U.S. export restrictions on sales of products to China and other government actions that restrict or otherwise adversely affect our ability to sell our products to Chinese customers may have a material impact on our business. In addition, we may be subject to rules and regulations of the PRC or the jurisdiction of other governmental agencies in the PRC that may adversely affect our rights and obligations. In the event of a dispute, we will likely be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of foreign courts. Fluctuations in exchange rates could adversely affect our business and the value of our securities. The value of our securities will be indirectly affected by the foreign exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and RMB and between those currencies and other currencies in which our sales may be denominated. Appreciation or depreciation in the value of the RMB relative to the U.S. dollar would affect our financial results reported in U.S. dollar terms without giving effect to any underlying change in our business or results of operations. To date, we have not entered into any hedging transactions. While we may enter into hedging transactions in the future, the availability and effectiveness of these transactions may be limited, and we may not be able to successfully hedge our exposure at all. In addition, our foreign currency exchange losses may be magnified by PRC exchange control regulations that restrict our ability to convert RMB into foreign currencies. As a result, fluctuations in exchange rates may have a material adverse effect on your investment. 15 If relations between the U.S. and China worsen, our business could be adversely affected by the trade war and investors may be unwilling to hold or buy our stock and our stock price may decrease. At various times during recent years, the U.S. and China have had significant disagreements over political and economic issues. Controversies may arise in the future between these two countries. Any political or trade controversies between the U.S. and China, whether or not directly related to our business, could reduce the price of our common stock. These controversies also could make it more difficult for us to sell our products to our customers in China. The international trade policies of China and the U.S. could adversely affect our business, and the imposition of trade sanctions relating to import and export of goods, taxes, tariffs and duties and other charges on imports from China or exports to China. Due to an increase in tariffs imposed by China on products from U.S., some of our customers might seek alternatives, which could have negative impact on our sales as we mainly sell our own products to customers in China. In order to avoid these new tariffs, the market has shifted towards an uncertain era including sourcing from other countries. Our sales during this stage may also be negatively impacted by this shift in behavior. Changes in defense expenditures may reduce the Company’s sales. Changes in defense expenditures may reduce the Company’s sales. Approximately 59.1%, 60.8%, and 59.5% of the Company’s net revenues for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2022, March 31, 2021, and March 31, 2020, respectively, came from sales to the military market. The Company participates in a broad spectrum of defense programs. Accordingly, the Company’s sales are affected by changes in the defense budgets and policies of the U. Accordingly, the Company’s sales are affected by changes in the defense budgets of the U. S. government. A significant decline in U.S. government defense expenditures could have an adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. U.S. government expenditures are also subject to political and budgetary fluctuations and constraints, which may result in significant unexpected changes in levels of demand for our products. We may be adversely affected by natural disasters, pandemics and other catastrophic events and by man-made problems such as terrorism that could disrupt our business operations, and our business continuity and disaster recovery plans may not adequately protect us from a serious disaster. 8 We may be adversely affected by natural disasters, pandemics and other catastrophic events and by man-made problems such as terrorism that could disrupt our business operations, and our business continuity and disaster recovery plans may not adequately protect us from a serious disaster. Our business operations are located in Brooklyn, New York and Allentown, PA. Our business operations are located in Brooklyn, New York. If a disaster, power outage, computer hacking, or other event occurred that prevented us from using all or a significant portion of our facilities, that damaged critical infrastructure, such as enterprise financial systems, IT systems, manufacturing resource planning or enterprise quality systems, or that otherwise disrupted operations, it may be difficult or, in certain cases, impossible for us to continue our business for a substantial period of time. If a disaster, power outage, computer hacking, or other event occurred that prevented us from using all or a significant portion of an office, that damaged critical infrastructure, such as enterprise financial systems, IT systems, manufacturing resource planning or enterprise quality systems, or that otherwise disrupted operations, it may be difficult or, in certain cases, impossible for us to continue our business for a substantial period of time. As an example, the New York City area was significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and, due to safety considerations for our employees and government restrictions, including stay-at-home orders, certain of our employees worked from home for an extended period of time. In addition, our suppliers’ facilities are located in locations susceptible to natural disasters or similar events, such as tornadoes, fires, explosions or large-scale accidents or power outages, or IT threats, pandemic, acts of terrorism and other geo-political unrest, which could severely disrupt our operations and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects. Our suppliers’ facilities are located in multiple locations where there may be similar stay-at-home orders in place for the current crisis and where other natural disasters or similar events, such as tornadoes, fires, explosions or large-scale accidents or power outages, or IT threats, pandemic, acts of terrorism and other geo-political unrest, could severely disrupt our operations and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects. All of the aforementioned risks may be further increased if we do not implement a disaster recovery plan or our partners’ or manufacturers’ disaster recovery plans prove to be inadequate. To the extent that any of the above should result in delays in the manufacture or distribution of our products, our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects would suffer. To the extent that any of the above should result in delays in the manufacture, or distribution of our products, our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects would suffer. Our business and operations would suffer in the event of system failures, cyber-attacks or a deficiency in our cyber-security. Despite the implementation of security measures, our internal computer systems and those of our contractors and consultants are vulnerable to damage from computer viruses, unauthorized access, natural disasters, terrorism, war and telecommunication and electrical failures. The risk of a security breach or disruption, particularly through cyber-attacks or cyber-intrusion, including by computer hackers, foreign governments, and cyber-terrorists, has generally increased as the number, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks and intrusions from around the world have increased. If such an event were to occur and cause interruptions in our operations, it could result in a material disruption of our development programs and our business operations. 16 Item 1B. Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments: None .
Recently Filed
Click on a ticker to see risk factors
Ticker * File Date
CAG 3 days, 23 hours ago
KALV 4 days ago
PAYX 4 days ago
MEI 4 days, 8 hours ago
BCRD 4 days, 10 hours ago
FMHS 4 days, 22 hours ago
ASPA 4 days, 23 hours ago
STEK 5 days, 1 hour ago
LEAI 6 days, 21 hours ago
AIDG 1 week, 3 days ago
SVMB 1 week, 4 days ago
ALSA 1 week, 4 days ago
ITOX 1 week, 5 days ago
TREN 1 week, 5 days ago
VIDE 1 week, 5 days ago
ASNB 1 week, 5 days ago
EMMA 1 week, 5 days ago
GSGG 1 week, 5 days ago
ATAO 1 week, 5 days ago
CDMO 1 week, 5 days ago
NBIO 1 week, 6 days ago
QDMI 1 week, 6 days ago
ELTP 1 week, 6 days ago
INQD 1 week, 6 days ago
CIDM 1 week, 6 days ago
BNED 1 week, 6 days ago
LVO 1 week, 6 days ago
NICK 1 week, 6 days ago
VHNA 1 week, 6 days ago
LNBY 2 weeks ago
SHRG 2 weeks ago
SUND 2 weeks ago
FGLD 2 weeks ago
ENMI 2 weeks ago
AMSWA 2 weeks ago
AIHS 2 weeks, 4 days ago
XITO 2 weeks, 4 days ago
CCCP 2 weeks, 4 days ago
BTCY 2 weeks, 4 days ago
AVAV 2 weeks, 4 days ago
FIZZ 2 weeks, 4 days ago
AIRT 2 weeks, 4 days ago
TKLS 2 weeks, 4 days ago
ATEX 2 weeks, 4 days ago
AMWD 2 weeks, 5 days ago
CYAN 2 weeks, 5 days ago
WLY 2 weeks, 5 days ago
DAKT 2 weeks, 5 days ago
GIS 2 weeks, 5 days ago
PTCO 2 weeks, 5 days ago

OTHER DATASETS

House Trading

Dashboard

Corporate Flights

Dashboard

App Ratings

Dashboard