Quiver Quantitative

Risk Factors Dashboard

Once a year, publicly traded companies issue a comprehensive report of their business, called a 10-K. A component mandated in the 10-K is the ‘Risk Factors’ section, where companies disclose any major potential risks that they may face. This dashboard highlights all major changes and additions in new 10K reports, allowing investors to quickly identify new potential risks and opportunities.

Risk Factors - PGTK

-New additions in green
-Changes in blue
-Hover to see similar sentence in last filing

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Risks Related to our Business

We have a limited operating history with significant losses.

We have yet to establish a sustained history of profitable operations. We incurred a cumulative deficit of $74,140,257 for the period from April 5, 2011 (inception) to March 31, 2021. We generated our first revenues during the year ended March 31, 2018 of $1,995,000. We generated our first net income during the year ended March 31, 2020 of $10,381,420 and further net income during the year ended March 31, 2021 of $1,181,078. Our profitability will depend on our ability to successfully market and sell the Technologies and there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so. The economic driver for the purchase by shipping companies for our marine scrubbers is primarily the spread between low-cost (high sulphur) bunker fuel and high-cost (low sulphur) bunker fuel. Following the oil price drop of 2020 which saw the fuel price spread drop significantly from over $200/tonne to $50/tonne, the demand for our scrubbers fell away. In recent months, the spread has risen to over $100/tonne which provides a strong indication of a possible return of demand, but it is not clear whether this is a continuing upward trend or a temporary rise and we cannot provide assurance of the resumption in demand for our marine scrubber technology. Over the last year we have been exploring alternative strategies to complement our emission control Technologies, and have identified opportunities for both concentrated solar power and battery energy storage systems technologies in various geographies around the world, to support a global transition away from the use of hydrocarbons. We are taking a medium- to long-term view of these opportunities and are at an early stage in pursuing and developing them, and there is no certainty that these will grow and become profitable and cash-generative ventures for us.

We may not be able to secure additional financing to meet our future capital needs due to changes in general economic conditions.

We anticipate needing significant capital to develop our sales force and effectively market the Technologies. We may use capital more rapidly than currently anticipated and incur higher operating expenses than currently expected, and we may be required to depend on external financing to satisfy our operating and capital needs. We may need new or additional financing in the future to conduct our operations or expand our business. Any sustained weakness in the general economic conditions and/or financial markets in the United States or globally could adversely affect our ability to raise capital on favorable terms or at all. From time to time we have relied, and may also rely in the future, on access to financial markets as a source of liquidity to satisfy working capital requirements and for general corporate purposes. We may be unable to secure debt or equity financing on terms acceptable to us, or at all, at the time when we need such funding.

Beginning in 2020, the global COVID-19 pandemic significantly increased the volatility of financial markets worldwide. Significant volatility or disruptions of the capital markets could eliminate our access to financing, and/or significantly increase its cost. Such volatility or disruptions in the capital markets may cause lenders to be unwilling to provide us with financing to fund our ongoing operations and growth.

If we do raise funds by issuing additional equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership percentages of existing stockholders would be reduced, and the securities that we issue may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of the holders of our common stock or may be issued at a discount to the market price of our common stock which would result in dilution to our existing stockholders. If we raise additional funds by issuing debt, we may be subject to debt covenants, which could place limitations on our operations including our ability to declare and pay dividends. Our inability to raise additional funds on a timely basis would make it difficult for us to achieve our business objectives and would have a negative impact on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses, delays and difficulties frequently encountered in establishing a new business in an emerging and evolving industry, including the following factors:


We cannot be sure that we will be successful in meeting these challenges and addressing these risks and uncertainties. If we are unable to do so, our business will not be successful and the value of your investment in us will decline.

Our business is subject to environmental and consumer protection legislation and any changes in such legislation could prevent us from becoming profitable.

The energy production and technology industries are subject to many laws and regulations which govern the protection of the environment, quality control standards, health and safety requirements, and the management, transportation and disposal of hazardous substances and other waste. Environmental laws and regulations may require removal or remediation of pollutants and may impose civil and criminal penalties for violations. Some environmental laws and regulations authorize the recovery of natural resource damages by the government, injunctive relief and the imposition of stop, control, remediation, and abandonment orders. Similarly, consumer protection laws impose quality control standards on products marketed to the public and prohibit the distribution and marketing of products not meeting those standards.

The costs arising from compliance with environmental and consumer protection laws and regulations may increase operating costs for both us and our potential customers. Any regulatory changes that impose additional environmental restrictions or quality control requirements on us or on our potential customers could adversely affect us through increased operating costs and potential decreased demand for our services, which could prevent us from becoming profitable.

The development and expansion of our business through acquisitions, joint ventures, and other strategic transactions may create risks that may reduce the benefits we anticipate from these strategic alliances and may prevent us from achieving or sustaining profitability.

We intend to enter into technology acquisition and licensing agreements and strategic alliances such as joint ventures or partnerships in order to develop and commercialize our proposed technologies and services, and to increase our competitiveness. Our management is unable to predict whether or when we will secure any such commitments or agreements, or whether such commitments or agreements will be secured on favorable terms and conditions.

Our ability to continue or expand our operations through acquisitions, joint ventures or other strategic alliances depends on many factors, including our ability to identify acquisitions, joint ventures, or partnerships, or access capital markets on acceptable terms. Even if we are able to identify strategic alliance targets, we may be unable to obtain the necessary financing to complete these transactions and could financially overextend ourselves.

Acquisitions, joint ventures or other strategic transactions may present financial, managerial and operational challenges, including diversion of management attention from existing business and difficulties in integrating operations and personnel. Acquisitions or other strategic alliances also pose the risk that we may be exposed to successor liability relating to prior actions involving a predecessor company, or contingent liabilities incurred before a strategic transaction. Due diligence conducted in connection with an acquisition, and any contractual guarantees or indemnities that we receive from sellers of acquired companies, may not be sufficient to protect us from, or compensate us for, actual liabilities. Liabilities associated with an acquisition or a strategic transaction could adversely affect our business and financial performance and reduce the benefits of the acquisition or strategic transaction. Any failure to integrate new businesses or manage any new alliances successfully could adversely affect our business and financial performance and prevent us from achieving profitability.

We are dependent upon our officers for execution of our business plan.

As a result, our future success depends heavily upon the continuing services of the members of our senior management team. If one or more of our senior executives or other key personnel are unable or unwilling to continue in their present positions, we may not be able to replace them easily or at all, and our business may be disrupted, and our financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected. Competition for senior management and key personnel is intense, the pool of qualified candidates is very limited, and we may not be able to retain the services of our senior executives or key personnel or attract and retain high-quality senior executives or key personnel in the future. We do not currently maintain key man insurance on our senior managers. The loss of the services of our senior management team and employees could result in a disruption of operations which could result in reduced revenues.


Outbreaks of epidemic diseases, including COVID-19, could adversely impact our business operations.

The novel coronavirus pandemic is dynamic and expanding, and its ultimate scope, duration and effects are uncertain. We expect that this pandemic, and any future epidemic or pandemic crises, could result in direct and indirect adverse effects on our industry and customers, which in turn may impact our business, results of operations and financial condition. Effects of the current pandemic include, or may include, among others:

deterioration of worldwide, regional or national economic conditions and activity, which could further reduce or prolong the recent significant declines in energy prices, or adversely affect global demand for oil and petroleum products, and demand for our services;

disruptions to our operations as a result of the potential health impact on our employees, and on the workforces of our customers and business partners;

disruptions to our business from, or additional costs related to, new regulations, directives or practices implemented in response to the pandemic, such as travel restrictions, increased inspection regimes, hygiene measures (such as quarantining and physical distancing) or increased implementation of remote working arrangements;

potential reduced cash flows and financial condition, including potential liquidity constraints;

reduced access to capital, including the ability to refinance any existing obligations, as a result of any credit tightening generally or due to continued declines in global financial markets, including to the prices of publicly-traded securities of us, our peers and of listed companies generally;

potential deterioration in the financial condition and prospects of our customers, joint venture partners or business partners.

Although disruption and effects from the novel coronavirus pandemic may be temporary, given the dynamic nature of these circumstances and the worldwide nature of our business and operations, the duration of any business disruption and the related financial impact to us cannot be reasonably estimated at this time but could materially affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Significant drop in oil price may have a material adverse effect on our business.

In March 2020, Saudi Arabia triggered an oil price war in response to Russia’s refusal to reduce oil production in order to keep prices for oil at moderate level. This economic conflict resulted in a sharp drop of oil price over the spring of 2020, including low sulphur fuel oil. The corresponding reduction in the price of low sulphur fuel oil could negatively affect the demand for our marine scrubbers. Fuels with higher sulphur content have been cheaper than low sulphur fuel historically. Our marine scrubbers allow our customers to use fuels with higher sulphur content. A decrease in the demand for marine scrubbers, which allow the use of heavy fuel oil under IMO 2020, could reduce our sales of marine scrubbers.

Adverse economic conditions

Economic downturns and financial crises in the global markets could produce illiquidity in the capital markets, market volatility, increased exposure to interest rate and credit risks and reduced access to capital markets. If global financial markets and economic conditions significantly deteriorate in the future, we may face restricted access to the capital markets or bank lending, which may make it more difficult and costly to fund future growth. Decreased access to such resources could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Adverse economic conditions or other developments relating directly to our customers may lead to a decline in our customers’ operations or ability to pay for our services, which could result in decreased demand for our services. Our customers’ inability to pay for any reason could also result in their default on our current contracts and charters. The decline in the amount of services requested by our customers or their default on our contracts with them could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


We may be unable to make or realize expected benefits from acquisitions and implementing our long-term strategy of growth through acquisitions may harm our financial condition and performance

A principal component of our long-term strategy is to continue to grow by expanding our business both in the geographic areas and markets where we have historically focused as well as into new geographic areas, market segments and services. We may not be successful in expanding our operations and any expansion may not be profitable. Our long-term strategy of growth through acquisitions involves business risks commonly encountered in acquisitions of companies, including:

interruption of, or loss of momentum in, the activities of one or more of an acquired company’s businesses and our businesses;

additional demands on members of our senior management while integrating acquired businesses, which would decrease the time they have to manage our existing business, service existing customers and attract new customers;

difficulties identifying suitable acquisition candidates;

difficulties integrating the operations, personnel and business culture of acquired companies;

difficulties coordinating and managing geographically separate organizations;

adverse effects on relationships with our existing suppliers and customers, and those of the companies acquired;

difficulties entering geographic markets or new market segments in which we have no or limited experience; and

loss of key officers and employees of acquired companies.

Acquisitions may not be profitable to us at the time of their completion and may not generate revenues sufficient to justify our investment. In addition, our acquisition growth strategy exposes us to risks that may harm our results of operations and financial condition, including risks that we may: fail to realize anticipated benefits, such as cost-savings, revenue and cash flow enhancements and earnings accretion; decrease our liquidity by using a significant portion of our available cash or borrowing capacity to finance acquisitions; incur additional indebtedness, which may result in significantly increased interest expense or financial leverage, or issue additional equity securities to finance acquisitions, which may result in significant shareholder dilution; incur or assume unanticipated liabilities, losses or costs associated with the business acquired; or incur other significant charges, such as impairment of goodwill or other intangible assets, asset devaluation or restructuring charges.

Exposure to currency exchange rate fluctuations results in fluctuations in our cashflows and operating results

Substantially all of our revenues are earned in U.S. dollars, although we will be paid in GB pounds and Australian dollars for future anticipated UK-based and Australian-based battery energy storage system contracts, respectively. A portion of our operating costs are incurred in currencies other than U.S. dollars. This partial mismatch in operating revenues and expenses leads to fluctuations in net income due to changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies, in particular the GB pound. Because we report our operating results in U.S. dollars, changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies also result in fluctuations of our reported revenues and earnings. Under U.S. accounting guidelines, all foreign currency-denominated monetary assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, restricted cash, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, advances from affiliates and long-term debt are revalued and reported based on the prevailing exchange rate at the end of the applicable period. This revaluation historically has caused us to report significant unrealized foreign currency exchange gains or losses each period.

We are at risk that the Technologies will not perform to expectations.

As at the date of this annual report, the Technologies have been tested to satisfactory requirements but there is no guarantee that the Technologies will continue to perform satisfactorily in the future which would damage our prospects.

The market for alternative energy products, technologies or services is emerging and rapidly evolving and its future success is uncertain. Insufficient demand for the Technologies would prevent us from achieving or sustaining profitability.


It is possible that we may spend large sums of money to bring the Technologies to market, but demand may not develop or may develop more slowly than we anticipate.

Our future success is currently dependent on our Technologies and:

We may be unable to develop widespread commercial markets for our Technologies. We may be unable to achieve or sustain profitability.

Competition within the renewable energy industry may prevent us from becoming profitable.

The renewal energy industry is competitive and fragmented and includes numerous small companies capable of competing effectively in the market we target as well as several large companies that possess substantially greater financial and other resources than we do. Larger competitors’ greater resources could allow those competitors to compete more effectively than we can with our Technologies. A number of competitors have developed more mature businesses than us and have successfully built their names in the international alternative energy markets. These various competitors may be able to offer products, sustainability technologies or services more competitively priced and more widely available than our Technologies and may also have greater resources to create or develop new technologies and products than us. Failure to compete in the alternative energy industry may prevent us from becoming profitable, and thus you may lose your entire investment.

We are at risk that we are unable to manufacture our Technologies in accordance with contractual terms.

All contracts which we secure for the sale of our Technologies will require that we supply a functioning emission control system. There is a risk that we are unable to manufacture and supply our Technologies in accordance with contractual terms. Any failure by us to perform our obligations under any such contract may have a detrimental impact on our financial standing and reputation.

Risks Related to our Stockholders and Shares of Common Stock

The continued sale of our equity securities will dilute the ownership percentage of our existing stockholders and may decrease the market price for our common stock.

As of March 31st, 2021, the Company’s cash reserves are approximately $23.4 million. We expect to continue our efforts to market, manufacture and deliver our Technologies to customers. Should the Company need additional resources, we may consider selling additional equity securities which will result in dilution to our existing stockholders. In short, our continued need to sell equity will result in reduced percentage ownership interests for all of our investors, which may decrease the market price for our common stock.

We do not intend to pay dividends and there will thus be fewer ways in which you are able to make a gain on your investment.

We have never paid dividends and do not intend to pay any dividends for the foreseeable future. To the extent that we may require additional funding currently not provided for in our financing plan, our funding sources may prohibit the declaration of dividends. Because we do not intend to pay dividends, any gain on your investment will need to result from an appreciation in the price of our common stock. There will therefore be fewer ways in which you are able to make a gain on your investment. In the future when we do intend to pay dividends, we will formalize a dividend policy.


Because the SEC imposes additional sales practice requirements on brokers who deal in shares of penny stocks, some brokers may be unwilling to trade our securities. This means that you may have difficulty reselling your shares, which may cause the value of your investment to decline.

Our shares are classified as penny stocks and are covered by Section 15(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) which imposes additional sales practice requirements on brokers-dealers who sell our securities in this offering or in the aftermarket. For sales of our securities, broker-dealers must make a special suitability determination and receive a written agreement prior from you to making a sale on your behalf. Because of the imposition of the foregoing additional sales practices, it is possible that broker-dealers will not want to make a market in our common stock. This could prevent you from reselling your shares and may cause the value of your investment to decline.

Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) sales practice requirements may limit your ability to buy and sell our common stock, which could depress the price of our shares.

FINRA rules require broker-dealers to have reasonable grounds for believing that an investment is suitable for a customer before recommending that investment to the customer. Prior to recommending speculative low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status and investment objectives, among other things. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability such speculative low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. Thus, FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our shares, have an adverse effect on the market for our shares, and thereby depress our share price.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

As a “smaller reporting company”, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

Recently Filed
Click on a ticker to see risk factors
Ticker * File Date
GBRG 1 day, 5 hours ago
LGYV 1 day, 8 hours ago
ARRT 1 day, 8 hours ago
FGPR 1 day, 12 hours ago
UEC 2 days, 4 hours ago
CMTL 2 days, 5 hours ago
NXMH 2 days, 5 hours ago
PAXH 2 days, 5 hours ago
WNFT 2 days, 7 hours ago
WUYI 2 days, 15 hours ago
BNET 4 days, 6 hours ago
CBRL 4 days, 7 hours ago
NTWK 4 days, 7 hours ago
KTRA 4 days, 13 hours ago
NEOV 4 days, 13 hours ago
WINR 5 days, 3 hours ago
HFBL 5 days, 4 hours ago
GWRE 5 days, 5 hours ago
BDRY 5 days, 5 hours ago
WBQNL 1 week, 1 day ago
RSSS 1 week, 1 day ago
PBFS 1 week, 1 day ago
HITC 1 week, 1 day ago
GAXY 1 week, 1 day ago
INM 1 week, 1 day ago
DCI 1 week, 1 day ago
MJHI 1 week, 1 day ago
TRT 1 week, 1 day ago
RAVE 1 week, 1 day ago
SFIX 1 week, 3 days ago
NTNX 1 week, 3 days ago
NAII 1 week, 3 days ago
PLUR 1 week, 3 days ago
BIGN 1 week, 3 days ago
OFED 1 week, 4 days ago
NHMD 1 week, 4 days ago
AOSL 1 week, 4 days ago
AMTY 1 week, 5 days ago
SVMB 1 week, 5 days ago
BWAQ 2 weeks, 1 day ago
FLWS 2 weeks, 1 day ago
PVNC 2 weeks, 1 day ago
LPTH 2 weeks, 2 days ago
RZLT 2 weeks, 2 days ago
ZS 2 weeks, 2 days ago
BOWL 2 weeks, 2 days ago
CBKM 2 weeks, 2 days ago
WRPT 2 weeks, 2 days ago
ASTC 2 weeks, 2 days ago
IROQ 2 weeks, 2 days ago


House Trading


Corporate Flights


App Ratings