Risk Factors Dashboard

Once a year, publicly traded companies issue a comprehensive report of their business, called a 10-K. A component mandated in the 10-K is the ‘Risk Factors’ section, where companies disclose any major potential risks that they may face. This dashboard highlights all major changes and additions in new 10K reports, allowing investors to quickly identify new potential risks and opportunities.

Risk Factors - MNAO

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Item 1A. Risk Factors” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Annual Report.

Trademarks, Service Marks and Trade Names

This Annual Report contains references to our trademarks, service marks and trade names and to trademarks, service marks and trade names belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks, service marks and trade names referred to in this Annual Report, including logos, artwork, and other visual displays, may appear without the ® or TM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their rights thereto. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names, service marks or trademarks or any artists’ or other individuals’ names to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies or persons.



Item 1. Description of Business

This Annual Report (including, but not limited to, the following disclosures regarding our Business) contains forward-looking statements regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements in this Annual Report. Additionally, statements concerning future matters such as the development of new products, enhancements or technologies, sales levels, expense levels and other statements regarding matters that are not historical are forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements in this Annual Report reflect our good faith judgment based on facts and factors currently known to us. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this Annual Report. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Annual Report, which attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Corporate History

The Company was incorporated as “Minaro Corp.” under the laws of the State of Nevada on March 14, 2017.

On December 18, 2022, Minaro Corp., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), Yulia Lazaridou, the majority shareholder of the Company (“Lazaridou”), Pineapple Consolidated, Inc., a California corporation (“PCI”) and the shareholders of PCI (“PCI Shareholders”), entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”). Pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, the PCI Shareholders exchanged (the “Exchange Transaction”) 50,000 outstanding shares of common stock of PCI, representing fifty percent (50%) of the outstanding shares of PCI common stock, for eighteen million (18,000,000) newly issued shares of Minaro common stock.

In addition, on December 18, 2022, in a transaction related to and a condition to the Exchange Transaction, Lazaridou and the Company entered into that certain Resignation, Separation and Release Agreement (the “Resignation Agreement”), pursuant to which (a) the Company redeemed 2,800,000 shares of Company common stock owned by Lazaridou (the “Lazaridou Shares’) in exchange for a payment by the Company of $540,904 and (b) Lazaridou, as of December 21, 2022, resigned as the sole director, officer and employee of the Company.

In order to fund the payment for the Lazaridou Shares, contemporaneous with the Exchange, on December 18, 2022, PCI loaned $540,904 to the Company. The loan (the “PCI Loan”) matures on June 30, 2023 and earns interest at an annual rate of 1%.

In addition, on December 18, 2022, Lazaridou, as sole director and majority shareholder, executed a written consent in lieu of a meeting providing that (i) Matthew Feinstein be elected as the sole director of the Company as well as Chief Executive Officer, President, Secretary, Chairman of the Board and Interim Chief Financial Officer, (ii) accepted the resignation of Lazaridou and (iii) approved the Exchange Agreement and Resignation Agreement. As a result of these transactions, the PCI Shareholders own a majority of the shares of Minaro common stock, and the Company owns fifty percent (50%) of the PCI common stock.

On January 5, 2023, the Company filed Restated Articles of Incorporation with the State of Nevada following approval of the sole director and majority shareholder (“Restated Articles”). The Restated Articles (i) changed the name of the Company to Pineapple Express Cannabis Company, (ii) added an additional authorized class of capital stock, namely ten million (10,000,000) shares of Preferred Stock, in addition to the previously authorized seventy-five million (75,000,000) shares of Common Stock. As a result, the name of the Company now has been changed to Pineapple Express Cannabis Company.


On December 30, 2022 the Company applied to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) for approval with respect to the change of the Company’s name in the Restated Articles. The Company separately applied to FINRA to change the Company’s stock ticker trading symbol. These two corporate actions were subject to FINRA review and clearance which was received during this reporting period.

Business Operations

Pineapple Express Cannabis Company is based in Los Angeles, California. The Company’s wholly owned operating subsidiary, Ananas Growth Ventures, serves as an incubator, helping early-stage ventures and startups in the cannabis sector through funding, mentoring, and training. The Company’s operating subsidiary, Ananas Growth Ventures, serves as an incubator, helping early-stage ventures and startups in the cannabis sector through funding, mentoring, and training. The Company is also engaged in legal cannabis retail through its 50% owned equity method investee, Pineapple Consolidated Inc. The Company is engaged in legal cannabis retail under the brand name of Pineapple Express though its 50% owned asset, Pineapple Consolidated Inc. (“PCI”). PCI runs Pineapple Express, a cannabis retailer and owns and manages retail cannabis ventures. PCI seeks to become a leading portfolio management company in the U.S. cannabis industry. With its headquarters in Los Angeles, Pineapple Express is rapidly increasing its footprint throughout California and is looking to scale into underdeveloped markets. With its headquarters in Los Angeles, California, Pineapple Express is rapidly increasing its footprint throughout the state and looking to scale into underdeveloped markets.

PCI has executed management contracts for 10% revenue sharing with nine entities in which it holds an equity interest through its wholly owned subsidiary, PNPL Holdings, Inc. Those entities are shown below:

Office facilities

The Company currently subleases office space at 12301 Wilshire Blvd. #302, Los Angeles, CA 90025, at no charge, through Pineapple Consolidated, Inc. #420, Los Angeles, CA 90025 through its 50% owned asset, Pineapple Consolidated, Inc. (“PCI”). The sublease with PCI runs with the master lease which commenced August 1, 2023 and concludes October 1, 2028.

Research And Development Expenditures

We have not incurred any research expenditures since our incorporation.


Bankruptcy Or Similar Proceedings

There has been no bankruptcy, receivership or similar proceeding entered into either voluntarily by the Company and involuntarily against the Company.

Reorganizations, Purchase Or Sale Of Assets

On December 18, 2022, the Company executed a Share Exchange Agreement, resulting in the exchange of 50,000 shares of PCI common stock (50% ownership) for 18 million newly issued shares of the Company’s common stock. The previous majority shareholder of the Company, Lazaridou, redeemed 2,800,000 of Company common stock and no longer holds any of the Company’s common stock.

As part of the transaction, Lazaridou resigned as the sole director, officer, and employee of the Company, while Matthew Feinstein was elected as the new director and assumed multiple executive roles. Additionally, the Company changed its name to Pineapple Express Cannabis Company by filing Restated Articles of Incorporation with the State of Nevada and added a new class of capital stock (10,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock in addition to the previously authorized 75,000,000 shares of Common Stock).

Compliance With Government Regulation

We will be required to comply with all regulations, rules and directives of governmental authorities and agencies applicable to the construction and operation of any facility in any jurisdiction which we would conduct activities.

We do not believe that any existing or probable government regulation on our business will have a material impact on the way we conduct our business.

Employees And Employment Agreements

We have no employees as of the date of this report. Our sole officer and director, Matthew Feinstein, currently devotes as much time as needed to provide management services to company matters. As our business and operations increase, we will assess the need for full-time management and administrative support personnel.

Regulatory Overview

As of the date of this filing, 40 states and four (4) territories allow for the medical use of cannabis products, while 17 of those states, the District of Columbia, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam have also legalized the adult-use of cannabis. Although legalized in some states, cannabis is a “Schedule 1” drug under the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. § 811) (“CSA”) and is illegal under federal law.

On August 29, 2013, the Department of Justice set out its prosecutorial priorities in light of various states legalizing cannabis for medicinal and/or recreational use. The “Cole Memorandum” provided that when states have implemented strong and effective regulatory and enforcement systems to control the cultivation, distribution, sale, and possession of cannabis, conduct in compliance with those laws and regulations is less likely to threaten the federal priorities. Indeed, a robust system may affirmatively address those priorities by, for example, implementing effective measures to prevent diversion of cannabis outside of the regulated system and to other states, prohibiting access to cannabis by minors, and replacing an illicit cannabis trade that funds criminal enterprises with a tightly regulated market in which revenues are tracked and accounted for. In those circumstances, consistent with the traditional allocation of federal-state efforts in this area, the Cole Memorandum provided that enforcement of state law by state and local law enforcement and regulatory bodies should remain the primary means of addressing cannabis-related activity. If state enforcement efforts are not sufficiently robust to protect against the harms set forth above, the federal government may seek to challenge the regulatory structure itself in addition to continuing to bring individual enforcement actions, including criminal prosecutions, focused on those harms.

On January 4, 2018, Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a memorandum for all United States Attorneys concerning cannabis enforcement under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Mr. Sessions rescinded all previous prosecutorial guidance issued by the Department of Justice regarding cannabis, including the August 29, 2013 “Cole Memorandum”.


In rescinding the Cole Memorandum, Mr. Sessions stated that U.S. Attorneys must decide whether or not to pursue prosecution of cannabis activity based upon factors including: the seriousness of the crime, the deterrent effect of criminal prosecution, and the cumulative impact of particular crimes on the community. Mr. Sessions reiterated that the cultivation, distribution, and possession of marijuana continues to be a crime under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act.

On March 23, 2018, President Donald J. Trump signed into law a $1.3 trillion-dollar spending bill that included an amendment known as “Rohrabacher-Blumenauer,” which prohibits the Justice Department from using federal funds to prevent certain states “from implementing their own State laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession or cultivation of medical cannabis.”

On December 20, 2018, President Donald J. Trump signed into law the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, otherwise known as the “Farm Bill”. Prior to its passage, hemp, a member of the cannabis family, was classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance, and so illegal under the federal CSA.

With the passage of the Farm Bill, hemp cultivation is now broadly permitted. The Farm Bill explicitly allows the transfer of hemp-derived products across state lines for commercial or other purposes. It also puts no restrictions on the sale, transport, or possession of hemp-derived products, so long as those items are produced in a manner consistent with the law.

Under Section 10113 of the Farm Bill, hemp cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC. THC refers to the chemical compound found in cannabis that produces the psychoactive “high” associated with cannabis. Any cannabis plant that contains more than 0.3 percent THC would be considered non-hemp cannabis—or marijuana—under the CSA and would not be legally protected under this new legislation and would be treated as an illegal Schedule 1 drug.

Additionally, there will be significant, shared state-federal regulatory power over hemp cultivation and production. Under Section 10113 of the Farm Bill, state departments of agriculture must consult with the state’s governor and chief law enforcement officer to devise a plan that must be submitted to the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture (hereafter referred to as the “USDA”). A state’s plan to license and regulate hemp can only commence once the Secretary of USDA approves that state’s plan. In states opting not to devise a hemp regulatory program, USDA will construct a regulatory program under which hemp cultivators in those states must apply for licenses and comply with a federally run program. This system of shared regulatory programming is similar to options states had in other policy areas, such as health insurance marketplaces under the Affordable Care Act, or workplace safety plans under the Occupational Health and Safety Act—both of which had federally-run systems for states opting not to set up their own systems.

The Farm Bill outlines actions that are considered violations of federal hemp law (including such activities as cultivating without a license or producing cannabis with more than 0.3 percent THC). The Farm Bill details possible punishments for such violations, pathways for violators to become compliant, and even which activities qualify as felonies under the law, such as repeated offenses.

One of the goals of the previous 2014 Farm Bill was to generate and protect research into hemp. The 2018 Farm Bill continues this effort. Section 7605 re-extends the protections for hemp research and the conditions under which such research can and should be conducted. Further, section 7501 of the Farm Bill extends hemp research by including hemp under the Critical Agricultural Materials Act. This provision recognizes the importance, diversity, and opportunity of the plant and the products that can be derived from it, but also recognizes that there is a still a lot to learn about hemp and its products from commercial and market perspectives.

On January 21, 2021, Joseph R. Biden, Jr. was sworn in as President of the United States. President Biden’s Attorney General, Merrick Garland, was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 10, 2021. It is not yet known whether the Department of Justice (“DOJ”), under President Biden and Attorney General Garland, will re-adopt the Cole Memorandum or announce a substantive marijuana enforcement policy. During his Senate confirmation, Merrick Garland told Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ), “It does not seem to me useful the use of limited resources that we have to be pursuing prosecutions in states that have legalized and are regulating the use of marijuana, either medically or otherwise.” Such statements are not official declarations or policies of the DOJ and are not binding on the DOJ, any United States Attorney, or the United States federal courts. Substantial uncertainty regarding United States federal enforcement remains. To date, there have been no new federal cannabis memorandums issued by the Biden Administration or any published change in federal enforcement policy.


Recent Developments

Clawback Policy

On May 7, 2024, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted a Compensation Recovery Policy (the “Policy”). The Policy is intended to further the Company’s pay-for-performance philosophy and to comply with applicable law by providing for the reasonably prompt recovery of certain incentive-based compensation received by executive officers in the event of an accounting restatement. The Policy is intended to comply with, and will be interpreted in a manner consistent with, Section 10D of the Exchange Act, with Exchange Act Rule 10D-1 and with the Nasdaq listing standards.

Pursuant to the Policy, if the Company is required to prepare an accounting restatement due to the material noncompliance by the Company with any financial reporting requirement under the securities laws, including any required accounting restatement to correct an error in previously issued financial statements that is material to the previously issued financial statements, or that would result in a material misstatement if the error were corrected in the current period or left uncorrected in the current period (an “Accounting Restatement”), then the Compensation Committee must determine the Excess Compensation (as hereinafter defined), if any, that must be recovered. The Company’s obligation to recover Excess Compensation is not dependent on if or when the restated financial statements are filed. The Company must recover Excess Compensation reasonably promptly and executive officers are required to repay Excess Compensation to the Company, subject to the terms of the Policy.

The Policy applies to certain incentive-based compensation that is received on or after May 7, 2024, during the three completed fiscal years immediately preceding the Accounting Restatement determination date, as provided in the Policy (the “Covered Period”) while the Company has a class of securities listed on a national securities exchange. The incentive-based compensation is considered “Clawback Eligible Incentive-Based Compensation” if the incentive-based compensation is received by a person after such person became an executive officer and the person served as an executive officer at any time during the performance period to which the incentive-based compensation applies. The “Excess Compensation” that is subject to recovery under the Policy is the amount of Clawback Eligible Incentive-Based Compensation that exceeds the amount of Clawback Eligible Incentive-Based Compensation that otherwise would have been received had such Clawback Eligible Incentive-Based Compensation been determined based on the restated amounts (this is referred to in the listing standards as “erroneously awarded incentive-based compensation”).

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Risks Related to Our Company and Our Business

We have a limited operating history and operate in a new industry, and we may not succeed.

We have a limited operating history and may not succeed. We are subject to all risks inherent in a developing business enterprise. Our likelihood of continued success must be considered in light of the problems, expenses, difficulties, complications, and delays frequently encountered in connection with manufacturing specialty products and the competitive and regulatory environment in which we operate. For example, the cannabis industry is a new industry that may not succeed, particularly should the Federal government change course and decide to prosecute those dealing in medical or recreational cannabis. In such event, there may not be an adequate market for our products. As a new industry, there are few established players whose business models we can follow. Similarly, there is little information about comparable companies for potential investors to review in making a decision about whether to invest in the Company.

Potential investors should consider, among other factors, our prospects for success in light of the risks and uncertainties encountered by companies that, like us, are in their early stages. For example, unanticipated expenses, unexpected problems, and technical difficulties may occur and they may result in material delays in the operation of our business, in particular with respect to our new products. We may not successfully address these risks and uncertainties or successfully implement our operating strategies. If we fail to do so, it could materially harm our business to the point of having to cease operations and could impair the value of our Common Stock to the point investors may lose their entire investment.


Uncertainty of profitability.

Our business strategy may result in increased volatility of revenues and earnings. As we will only develop a limited number of products and services at a time, our overall success will depend on a limited number of products and services, which may cause variability and unsteady profits and losses depending on the products and services offered and their market acceptance.

Our revenues and our profitability may be adversely affected by economic conditions and changes in the market for medical and recreational marijuana. Our business is also subject to general economic risks that could adversely impact the results of operations and financial condition.

Because of the anticipated nature of the products and services that we offer and attempt to develop, it is difficult to accurately forecast revenues and operating results and these items could fluctuate in the future due to a number of factors. These factors may include, among other things, the following:

Cannabis remains illegal under federal law.

Cannabis is a categorized as a Schedule I controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Agency and the United States Department of Justice and is illegal to grow, possess and consume under federal law. Even in those jurisdictions in which the use of medical cannabis has been legalized at the state level, its use remains a violation of federal law. The United States Supreme Court has ruled in United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers’ Coop. and Gonzales v. Raich that it is the federal government that has the right to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes. Therefore, federal law criminalizing the use of cannabis preempts state laws that legalize its use for medicinal or adult-retail purposes. Strict enforcement of federal law regarding cannabis would likely result in our inability to proceed with our business plan.


The previous Obama administration has effectively stated that it is not an efficient use of resources to direct federal law enforcement agencies to prosecute those lawfully abiding by state-designated laws allowing the use and distribution of medical cannabis. In furtherance thereof, on August 29, 2013, the Department of Justice provided guidance to all U.S. federal prosecutors with respect to the enforcement of laws regarding cannabis via the publication of a memorandum authored by former US Attorney General James M. Cole (the “Cole Memo”). The Cole Memo stated that enforcement should be focused on eight priorities, which is to prevent: (1) distribution of cannabis to minors; (2) revenue from sale of cannabis to criminal enterprises, gangs and cartels; (3) transfer of cannabis from states where it is legal to states where it is illegal; (4) cannabis activity from being a pretext for trafficking of other illegal drugs or illegal activity; (5) violence of use of firearms in cannabis growth and distribution; (6) drugged driving and adverse public health consequences from cannabis use; (7) growth of cannabis on federal lands; and (8) cannabis possession or use on federal property.

On January 4, 2017, the U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions rescinded the Cole Memo and restored the “rule of law.” Such rescission essentially shifts federal policy from the hands-off approach adopted under the Obama administration to allowing federal prosecutors across the U.S. to decide individually how to prioritize resources to crack down on pot possession, distribution and cultivation of the drug in states where it is legal. Furthermore, the Trump administration has previously indicated that it will pursue the enforcement of federal cannabis laws.

While we do not believe our current activities involve those enumerated in the Cole Memo, in light of the rescission of the memo by the current Attorney General, federal prosecutors will now have significant discretion on their interpretation of these priorities, and no assurances can be given that federal prosecutors will agree with our position. We therefore cannot provide assurance that our actions are in full compliance with the Cole Memo or any other state or federal laws or regulations. In addition, there is no guarantee that the current administration will not further change its policy regarding the strict enforcement of federal laws or the eight listed priorities. Additionally, any new administration that follows could change this policy and decide to enforce the federal laws even stronger. Any such change in the federal government’s enforcement of current federal laws could cause significant financial damage to us and our shareholders.

The cannabis industry faces strong opposition.

It is believed by many that large well-funded businesses may have a strong economic opposition to the cannabis industry. We believe that the pharmaceutical industry does not want to cede control of any product that could generate significant revenue. For example, medical cannabis will likely adversely impact the existing market for medicines sold by mainstream pharmaceutical companies that contain active ingredients from cannabis. Furthermore, the medical marijuana industry could face a material threat from the pharmaceutical industry, should marijuana displace other drugs or encroach upon the pharmaceutical industry’s products. The pharmaceutical industry is well funded with a strong and experienced lobby that eclipses the funding of the medical cannabis movement. Any inroads the pharmaceutical industry could make in halting or impeding the cannabis industry could have a detrimental impact on our proposed business.

Additionally, we are substantially dependent on continued market acceptance and proliferation of consumers of cannabis, medical marijuana, and recreational marijuana. We believe that as marijuana becomes more accepted the stigma associated with marijuana use will diminish and as a result consumer demand will continue to grow. While we believe that the market and opportunity in the marijuana space continues to grow, we cannot predict the future growth rate and size of the market. Any negative outlook on the marijuana industry will adversely affect our business operations.

There is uncertainty regarding the availability of U.S. federal patent and trademark protection.

As long as cannabis remains illegal under U.S. federal law, the benefit of certain federal laws and protections which may be available to most businesses, such as federal trademark and patent protection regarding the intellectual property of a business, may not be available to us. As a result, our intellectual property may never be adequately or sufficiently protected against the use or misappropriation by third parties. In addition, since the regulatory framework of the cannabis industry is in a constant state of flux, we can provide no assurance that it will ever obtain any protection of its intellectual property, whether on a federal, state, or local level.


There may be a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) risk.

If legalization occurs federally, the FDA could impose additional regulations or risks on cannabis.

We could experience difficulty enforcing our contracts.

Due to the nature of our business and the fact that our equity method investee, Pineapple Consolidated, Inc. contracts involve cannabis and other activities that are not legal under U.S. federal law and in some jurisdictions, we may face difficulties in enforcing our contracts in federal and certain state courts. The inability to enforce any of our contracts could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition, or prospects.

We and our customers and clients may have difficulty accessing the service of banks, which may make it difficult for them to operate.

Since the use of cannabis is illegal under federal law, there is a compelling argument that banks cannot accept for deposit funds from businesses involved with cannabis. While the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”) has provided guidance to financial institutions on how to provide services to marijuana-related businesses consistent with their Bank Secrecy Act obligations, the decision to open, close, or refuse accounts and/or relationships are made at the discretion of the banking institution. Consequently, businesses involved in the cannabis industry often have trouble finding a bank willing to accept their business. The inability to open bank accounts may make it difficult for us and our clients to operate.

Due to our ancillary involvement in the cannabis industry, we may have a difficult time obtaining the various insurances that are desired to operate our business, which may expose us to additional risk and financial liability.

Insurance that is otherwise readily available, such as general liability, and directors and officer’s insurance, is more difficult for us to find, and more expensive, because we are service providers to companies in the cannabis industry. There are no guarantees that we will be able to find such insurances in the future, or that the cost will be affordable to us. If we are forced to go without such insurances, it may prevent us from entering into certain business sectors, may inhibit our growth, and may expose us to additional risk and financial liabilities.

The cannabis industry is relatively new.

We are operating in a relatively new industry and market. In addition to being subject to general business risks, we must continue to build brand awareness in this industry and market share through significant investments in our strategy, production capacity, quality assurance and compliance with regulations. Research in the United States and internationally regarding the medical benefits, viability, safety, efficacy and dosing of cannabis or isolated cannabinoids, such as cannabidiol, or CBD, and tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, remains in relatively early stages. Few clinical trials on the benefits of cannabis or isolated cannabinoids have been conducted. Future research and clinical trials may draw opposing conclusions to statements contained in the articles, reports and studies currently favored, or could reach different or negative conclusions regarding the medical benefits, viability, safety, efficacy, dosing or other facts and perceptions related to medical cannabis, which could adversely affect social acceptance of cannabis and the demand for our products and dispensary services.

Accordingly, there is no assurance that the cannabis industry and the market for medicinal and/or adult-use cannabis will continue to exist and grow as currently anticipated or function and evolve in a manner consistent with management’s expectations and assumptions. Any event or circumstance that adversely affects the cannabis industry, such as the imposition of further restrictions on sales and marketing or further restrictions on sales in certain areas and markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.


We face risks due to industry immaturity or limited comparable, competitive, or established industry best practices.

As a relatively new industry, there are not many established operators in the medical and adult use cannabis industries whose business models we can follow or build upon. Similarly, there is no or limited information about comparable companies available for potential investors to review in making a decision about whether to invest in us.

Shareholders and investors should consider, among other factors, our prospects for success in light of the risks and uncertainties encountered by companies, like us, that are in their early stages. For example, unanticipated expenses and problems or technical difficulties may occur, which may result in material delays in the operation of our business. We may fail to successfully address these risks and uncertainties or successfully implement our operating strategies. If we fail to do so, it could materially harm our business to the point of having to cease operations and could impair the value of the Subordinate Voting Shares to the extent that investors may lose their entire investments.

Our ability to grow our medical and adult-use cannabis product offerings and dispensary services may be limited.

As we introduce or expand our medical and adult-use cannabis product offerings and dispensary services, we may incur losses or otherwise fail to enter certain markets successfully. Our expansion into new markets may place us in competitive and regulatory environments with which we are unfamiliar and involve various risks, including the need to invest significant resources and the possibility that returns on those investments will not be achieved for several years, if at all. In attempting to establish new product offerings or dispensary services, we may incur significant expenses and face various other challenges, such as expanding our work force and management personnel to cover these markets and complying with complicated cannabis regulations that apply to these markets. In addition, we may not successfully demonstrate the value of these product offerings and dispensary services to consumers, and failure to do so would compromise our ability to successfully expand these additional revenue streams.

Laws and regulations affecting the cannabis industry are constantly changing, which could detrimentally affect our business, and we cannot predict the impact that future regulations may have on us.

Local, state and federal medical cannabis laws and regulations are broad in scope, and they are subject to evolving interpretations, which could require our licensees to incur substantial costs associated with compliance or to alter one or more of their sales or marketing practices. For example, the rescission of the Cole Memo by U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions on January 4, 2018. In addition, violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, could disrupt our license business and result in a material adverse effect on our revenues under our license agreements, which would negatively affect our profitability and financial condition.

In addition, it is possible that regulations may be enacted in the future that will be directly applicable to us and our business. We cannot predict the nature of any future laws, regulations, interpretations or applications, nor can we determine what effect additional governmental regulations or administrative policies and procedures, when and if promulgated, could have on our business. These potential effects could include, however, requirements for the revisions to our business model to meet new standards, the recall or discontinuance of certain products, or additional record keeping and reporting requirements. Any or all of these requirements could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We are subject to complex laws and regulations, including environmental laws and regulations, which can adversely affect the cost, manner and feasibility of doing business.

We are subject to complex laws and regulations, including environmental laws and regulations, which can adversely affect the cost, manner and feasibility of doing business. The operations and facilities of our facilities will be subject to extensive federal, state, and local laws and regulations relating to the growth of cannabis and the manufacture and distribution of products containing cannabis (and/or its psychoactive compound, THC). Such existing laws or regulations regarding cannabis and its psychoactive compound, as currently interpreted or reinterpreted in the future, or future laws or regulations, may adversely affect our businesses and sales. Consequently, our revenues would thereby decrease, which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.


Ordinary and necessary business deduction other than the cost of goods sold are disallowed by the Internal Revenue Service for Cannabis companies under the Internal Revenue Code (the “IRC”) Section 280E.

IRC Section 280E prohibits cannabis businesses from deducting ordinary and necessary business expenses pertaining to cannabis sale, forcing the Company to contend with higher effective federal tax rates than similar companies in other industries. This onerous tax burden significantly impacts the profitability of the cannabis businesses and may make the pricing of its products less competitive.

If no additional states allow the medicinal or adult-retail use of cannabis, or if one or more states that currently allow it, reverse their position, we may not be able to continue our growth, or the market for our products and services may decline.