Risk Factors Dashboard

Once a year, publicly traded companies issue a comprehensive report of their business, called a 10-K. A component mandated in the 10-K is the ‘Risk Factors’ section, where companies disclose any major potential risks that they may face. This dashboard highlights all major changes and additions in new 10K reports, allowing investors to quickly identify new potential risks and opportunities.

Risk Factors - EMBC

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Item 1A.
Agreements Related to the Separation
In connection with the Separation, the Company entered into the Separation and Distribution Agreement, which contains provisions that, among other things, relate to (i) assets, liabilities and contracts to be transferred, assumed and assigned to each of Embecta and BD (including certain deferred assets and liabilities) as part of the Separation, (ii) cross-indemnities principally designed to place financial responsibility for the obligations and liabilities of Embecta's business with Embecta and financial responsibility for the obligations and liabilities of BD’s remaining businesses with BD, (iii) procedures with respect to claims subject to indemnification and related matters, (iv) the allocation among Embecta and BD of rights and obligations under existing insurance policies with respect to occurrences prior to completion of the Separation, as well as the right to proceeds and the obligation to incur certain deductibles under certain insurance policies, and (v) procedures governing Embecta’s and BD’s obligations and allocations of liabilities with respect to ongoing litigation matters that may implicate each of BD’s business and Embecta’s business.
Agreements that Embecta entered into with BD that govern aspects of Embecta's relationship with BD following the Separation include, but are not limited to:
Transition Services Agreements ("TSA") - Pursuant to the TSA, and the related Logistics Services Agreement (“LSA”), Embecta and BD and their respective affiliates provide each other, on an interim, transitional basis, various services, including, but not limited to, information technology, procurement, quality and regulatory affairs, medical affairs, tax and treasury services, distribution logistics, and shared services infrastructure support for order-to-cash, source-to-pay, and record-to-report (collectively, the “Interim Business Continuity Processes”). The agreed-upon charges for such services are generally intended to allow the servicing party to charge a price comprised of out-of-pocket costs and expenses and a predetermined profit in the form of a mark-up of such out-of-pocket costs and expenses. The service recipient may terminate any services by giving prior written notice to the provider of such services and paying any applicable wind-down charges. Such services provided pursuant to the TSA were to terminate no later than April 1, 2024, 24 months following the Separation, and such services provided pursuant to the LSA were to terminate no later than January 1, 2024, which BD has agreed to extend through March 31, 2024. However, BD has granted a limited extension until November 1, 2024 of certain services under the TSA, LSA and other transaction documents in a limited set of markets (the "Extension") to support the Interim Business Continuity Processes, subject to the condition in the next sentence. The Extension is conditioned upon BD obtaining a supplemental private letter ruling to the private letter ruling that it received in connection with the Separation and the distribution, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to BD (the "Supplemental PLR").
Distribution Agreements - Embecta and BD entered into distribution agreements for certain territories, principally in the Asia Pacific Region and Latin America, whereby a subsidiary of BD has been appointed as a distributor of Embecta or its relevant subsidiaries to support certain commercial operations of the diabetes care business on a transitional basis in these regions for a maximum of two years. The distribution agreements will each continue until either (1) certain governmental approvals needed to distribute products in the defined territory are obtained and order-to-cash processes and other services of the Company for such territory are migrated to an alternative commercial arrangement between the parties or (2) the applicable services are transitioned to a third-party distributor or independently performed by Embecta, but in any event no longer than the maximum term of two
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years, except certain such agreements may be extended in connection with the Extension. Embecta shall pay BD a return of 1.5% to 2.0% of net revenue for each territory.
Cannula Supply Agreement - Embecta and BD entered into a cannula supply agreement whereby BD sells to Embecta cannulas for incorporation into Embecta's existing syringes and pen needles, safety syringes and safety pen needles, and products currently under development. BD retains ownership of all cannula technology, cannula production activities and the intellectual property rights therein. Embecta is limited to a maximum number of cannulas that it can purchase under the cannula supply agreement, which will be an absolute upper limit of cannulas per year and yearly limits that vary with annual demand. The cannula supply agreement is terminable by Embecta without cause by providing at least 36 months’ written notice; however, such termination can be effective no earlier than five years from the Separation. The cannula supply agreement will be terminable by BD without cause by providing at least 36 months’ written notice; however, such termination can be effective no earlier than ten years from the Separation. However, in the event of a change of control of Embecta, BD has the right to terminate the cannula supply agreement in its sole discretion. The cannula supply agreement will also terminate automatically, subject to a 36-month wind-down period, if Embecta’s yearly forecast is below the required minimum purchase amount, and the parties have other customary termination rights for material breach or bankruptcy of the other party.
Tax Matters Agreement - Pursuant to the tax matters agreement, Embecta agreed to certain covenants that contain restrictions intended to preserve the tax-free status of the distribution and certain related transactions. Embecta may take certain actions prohibited by these covenants only if Embecta obtains and provides to BD an opinion from a United States tax counsel or accountant of recognized national standing, in either case satisfactory to BD, to the effect that such action would not jeopardize the tax-free status of the distribution and certain related transactions, or if Embecta obtains prior written consent of BD. Embecta is barred from taking any action, or failing to take any action, where such action or failure to act adversely affects or could reasonably be expected to adversely affect the tax-free status of the distribution and certain related transactions or result in certain other taxes to BD, for all relevant time periods. In addition, during the period ending two years after the Separation, these covenants include specific restrictions on Embecta’s (i) discontinuing the active conduct of Embecta’s trade or business; (ii) issuance or sale of stock or other securities (including securities convertible into Embecta stock, but excluding certain compensatory arrangements); (iii) liquidating, merging, or consolidating with any other person; (iv) amending Embecta’s certificate of incorporation (or other organizational documents) or taking any other action, whether through a stockholder vote or otherwise, affecting the voting rights of Embecta common stock; (v) sales of assets outside the ordinary course of business; and (vi) entering into any other corporate transaction which would cause Embecta to undergo a 50% or greater change in its stock ownership.
Logistics Services Agreement - Embecta and BD entered into a logistics services agreement whereby BD provides Embecta with certain order-to-cash and logistics services to support certain commercial operations for a maximum term of two years, which BD has agreed to extend through March 31, 2024. Embecta will pay BD (i) reimbursable costs, including all shipping costs, selling costs, general administration costs, costs of goods, research and development services costs, and other income and expenses related solely to the diabetes care business, that are incurred by BD directly, as allocated costs or as costs payable to a third party and (ii) a monthly administrative fee of 1.0% of net revenue (which will increase to 1.25% of net revenue after January 1, 2024).
Other agreements that Embecta entered into with BD include, but are not limited to, an employee matters agreement, an intellectual property matters agreement, local support services agreements, certain other manufacturing arrangements and a process services agreement and lease agreement for a manufacturing facility location in Holdrege, Nebraska.
Human Resources ("HR")
As of September 30, 2023, we had approximately 2,200 regular employees globally (which includes deferred closing countries), with approximately 925 employees in the United States. Our talented employees are an integral reason for our standing as one of the world's leading diabetes care companies. Our success is dependent on our ability to attract, engage and retain the best talent that reflects our diverse communities. To do so, we focus on the most critical areas that help create a great workplace and enable our business priorities.
At Embecta our mission, vision and values inspire passion and purpose in the day-to-day work of our employees. Our mission of developing and providing solutions to make life better for people living with diabetes helps us attract potential employees interested in making a difference to the world. As a new company, we have the unique opportunity to integrate Environment, Social, Governance ("ESG") as well as Diversity, Equity & Inclusion ("DE&I") principles into the foundation of our HR practices.
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We focus on providing a personalized experience from the moment an employee considers joining the Embecta team. In addition to helping make life better for people living with diabetes, our employee value proposition includes a strong rewards package, a focus on development, and engaging with our employees as we shape our new company together. In addition to helping make life better for people living with diabetes, our employee value proposition includes factors such as a strong rewards package, a focus on development, and engaging with our employees as we shape our new company together.
At Embecta, our Total Rewards programs enable behaviors that drive performance, reward results and create long-term value for our stockholders and employees.At Embecta, our Total Rewards programs enable behaviors that drive performance, reward for results and create long-term value for our stockholders and employees. We continually monitor our programs and policies to ensure they are competitive and have a clear link to our business and talent strategy. We pay for performance and are committed to compensating employees fairly and equitably. Our employee benefit programs provide flexibility and choice, and enrich the health, well-being and security of our employees.
We are building a learning culture where employees at all levels of the organization are encouraged to grow and improve, including company-wide training on compliance, job related technical training, leadership development, and easy access to virtual on demand learning.We are building a learning culture where employees at all levels of the organization are encouraged to grow and improve, including company-wide training on our Code of Conduct, job related technical training, and easy access to virtual on demand learning. At Embecta, long term succession planning and capability building are integral to our talent practices that are aimed at helping our employees be the best versions of themselves while simultaneously building our future talent pipeline. All employees are encouraged to establish individual, team and development goals in partnership with their manager to ensure clarity and alignment to our business goals while retaining focus on growth and development. All employees are encouraged to establish individual, team and development goals in partnership with their manager to ensure clarity and alignment while retaining focus on growth and development.
In alignment with our continuous improvement culture, we seek feedback through surveys and other means so that employees can share their perspectives on ways to continuously improve our workplace climate. As a newly independent company with agility at its core, employee feedback helps us make adjustments in our ways of working and embedding our values. What we do at Embecta is personal to Embecta employees, and our HR practices are designed to enable our employees in fulfilling our mission of helping people with diabetes.
Diversity, Equity & Inclusion
Embecta engages a workforce that reflects the communities where we operate. Our workforce, including our leadership team, and our board of directors, includes diverse members and teams. Our commitment to DE&I is embedded in our values. We believe that employee diversity makes us better at identifying opportunities and solving problems. We believe that diversity of our teams makes us better at identifying opportunities and solving problems. We are committed to creating and sustaining an environment where everyone brings their authentic selves to work, to help us fulfill our mission of helping people with diabetes.
Corporate Responsibility ("CR") and Environmental, Social and Governance ("ESG")
Embecta is in the process of developing a standalone multi-year strategy to advance its ESG initiatives. The focus in fiscal year 2023 was to evaluate Embecta’s global ESG risks and impacts. This evaluation phase commenced with a Sustainability Materiality Assessment and an internal review of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Separately, the governance structures for managing ESG topics and updates were documented via the Company's Enterprise Risk Committee charter. Embecta plans to provide an updated Sustainability Report during its 2024 fiscal year.
Available Information
Embecta maintains a website at www.embecta.com. The Company makes available its Annual Reports on Form 10-K, its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and its Current Reports on Form 8-K (and amendments to those reports) as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These filings may be obtained and printed free of charge at investors.embecta.com.
In addition, the written charters of the Audit Committee; the Compensation and Management Development Committee; the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee; and the Technology, Quality and Regulatory Committee of the Board of Directors, Embecta’s Corporate Governance Principles and its Code of Conduct, are available and may be printed free of charge at Embecta’s website at https://investors.embecta.com/corporate-governance/documents-charters. Printed copies of these materials, this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and Embecta’s reports and statements filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, may also be obtained, without charge, by contacting the Corporate Secretary, Embecta, 300 Kimball Dr., Suite 300, Parsippany, New Jersey 07054, telephone 862-401-0000. In addition, the SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
Embecta also routinely posts important information for investors on its website at investors.embecta.com. Embecta may use this website as a means of disclosing material, non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD adopted by the SEC. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto shall not be deemed to be incorporated into this Annual Report.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
You should carefully consider the following risks and other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K in evaluating Embecta and Embecta common stock. The summary below provides an overview of many of the risks and uncertainties we encounter that are described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that could materially and adversely affect Embecta’s business, financial condition or results of operations. An investment in our common stock involves a variety of risks and
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uncertainties. Additional risks that we currently do not know about or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also impair our business, financial condition, operating results, liquidity, and future prospects. Additional risks that we currently do not know about or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also impair our business, financial condition, operating results, liquidity, and future prospects. The risks we face include, but are not limited to, the following:
Risks Related to Embecta’s Business
The medical technology industry is very competitive.
Embecta generates a significant amount of its profits and cash flows from a few key products, and any events that adversely affect the sale or profitability of these products could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s sales, results of operations and cash flows.
Technological breakthroughs in diabetes treatment or prevention may reduce demand for Embecta’s products.
Embecta obtains components and raw materials for its products from third parties, including BD. These third parties may fail to perform under their agreements with Embecta, or there may be a reduction or interruption in the manufacturing and supply of these components and raw materials. Any such failure to perform or a reduction or interruption in supply could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s business and operations.
Embecta may experience difficulties and delays in the manufacturing of its products or sterilization operations, and any such difficulties and delays could adversely affect Embecta’s business.
A substantial portion of Embecta’s revenue is derived from sales to a few customers. If these customers reduce the amount of product that they purchase from Embecta, reduce the amount that they are willing to pay for such products or increase charges to distribute such products, Embecta’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Embecta’s products are subject to continuous reimbursement, coverage and access scrutiny by both private and government payers, including the scope of products covered, access and coverage among product brands and manufacturers, reimbursement limitations and price adjustment restrictions. A change in any of these factors could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta may enter into strategic collaborations, in-licensing arrangements or alliances with third parties that may not result in the development of commercially viable products or the generation of revenue.
Embecta’s sales and marketing efforts rely upon independent distributors that are free to market products that compete with Embecta’s products, and if Embecta is unable to maintain or expand its network of independent distributors, its business could be materially adversely affected.
Embecta’s future growth is dependent in part upon the development of new products, and there can be no assurance that such products will be developed or be successful.
If the third parties on which Embecta relies to conduct its clinical trials and to assist it with pre-clinical development do not perform as contractually required or expected, or if market or clinical studies are unfavorable to its products in development, Embecta may not be able to obtain regulatory clearance or approval or commercialize its products.
Embecta may be unable to maintain strong relationships with physicians and other healthcare professionals which could adversely affect its business.
Embecta may not be able to successfully execute its acquisition strategy, which could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta’s international operations subject it to certain business risks.
Embecta’s business and operations are subject to risks related to climate change.
Embecta's may be exposed to environmental, social and governance risks.
Embecta's intellectual property and proprietary technology are material to its business operations and are subject to infringement and other risks.
Breaches of Embecta’s information systems or cyberattacks could adversely affect our business.
A disruption at one of our facilities could adversely affect our business and operating results.
Insurance coverage may be inadequate or unavailable to cover any product liability losses we incur.
Embecta is subject to a number of restrictive covenants under its indebtedness, including customary operating restrictions and financial covenants, which could restrict Embecta’s ability to pay dividends or adversely affect its financing options and liquidity position.
Embecta is subject to risks associated with public health threats, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, which could have a material adverse effect on Embecta's financial condition and results of operations.
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Risks Related to the Separation and Distribution from BD
Embecta has a limited history of operating as an independent company, and its historical financial information may not be a reliable indicator of its future results.
Since the Separation, Embecta’s financial profile has changed, and it is a smaller, less diversified company than BD prior to the Separation.
Embecta may not achieve some or all of the expected benefits of the Separation.
In order to conduct its operations and meet its financial reporting and other obligations, Embecta relies on certain services provided by BD pursuant to the transaction documents entered into with BD in connection with the Separation, including the TSA and the LSA. If Embecta is unable to extend the services on the terms contemplated by the Extension or replace the services that BD currently provides to it on terms that are at least as favorable to Embecta as the terms on which BD is providing these services, or if BD otherwise terminates any of the services, Embecta’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. Following the end of the transition period, Embecta will be required to rebrand its products to remove the BD name, transfer or obtain new manufacturing, supply chain, regulatory and product licenses and registrations in the name of Embecta, which could adversely affect its ability to attract and maintain end users or which could result in delays or interruptions of Embecta's commercialization and distribution operations or the loss of customers or revenue, all of which could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
Following the end of the transition period, Embecta will be required to rebrand its products to remove the BD name, transfer or obtain new manufacturing, supply chain, regulatory and product licenses and registrations in the name of Embecta, which could adversely affect its ability to attract and maintain end users or which could result in delays or interruptions of Embecta's commercialization and distribution operations or the loss of customers or revenue, all of which could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta has incurred debt obligations that could adversely affect its business and profitability and its ability to meet other obligations.
Embecta may be affected by significant restrictions under the tax matters agreement, including on its ability to engage in certain corporate transactions for a two-year period after the Separation Date, in order to avoid triggering significant tax-related liabilities.
Embecta may be held liable to BD if it fails to perform under its agreements with BD.
There could be significant income tax liability if the Separation or certain related transactions are determined to be taxable for United States federal income tax purposes.
The transfer to Embecta of certain contracts, permits and other assets and rights may require the consents, approvals of, or provide other rights to, third parties and governmental authorities. If such consents or approvals are not obtained, Embecta may not be entitled to the full benefit of such contracts, permits and other assets and rights, which could increase its expenses or otherwise harm its business and financial performance.
The closing of the Separation was deferred in certain jurisdictions, and may not occur at all in such jurisdictions, due to local regulatory requirements, which may adversely affect Embecta’s manufacturing, business, financial condition and results of operations.
Satisfaction of indemnification obligations following the distribution could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Risks Related to Embecta’s Common Stock
The price and trading volume of Embecta’s common stock may be volatile, and stockholders could lose all or part of their investment in Embecta.
Embecta cannot guarantee the timing, amount or payment of any dividends on its common stock.
Anti-takeover provisions could enable Embecta’s Board of Directors to resist a takeover attempt by a third-party and limit the power of its stockholders.
Embecta’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation designates the state courts within the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by Embecta stockholders, which could discourage lawsuits against Embecta and its directors and officers.
The risks described below may not be the only risks we face but are risks we believe may be material at this time. Other risks of which we are not yet aware, or that we currently believe are not material, may also materially adversely impact our business, financial condition or results of operations. If any of the events or circumstances described below occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely impacted and the value of an investment in our securities could decline. Investors and prospective investors should consider the risks described below and the information
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contained under the caption “Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K before deciding whether to invest in our securities. We may update these risk factors in our future periodic reports.
Risks Related to Embecta’s Business
The medical technology industry is very competitive.
Embecta faces significant competition from a wide range of companies in each market in which its products are sold. These include large companies with multiple product lines and non-traditional entrants such as technology companies, some of which may have greater financial and marketing resources than Embecta in the United States or other markets, as well as smaller, more specialized companies.
Embecta’s ability to compete will also be affected by changing preferences and requirements of people with diabetes, as well as changes in the ways healthcare services are delivered. Efforts to contain healthcare costs by governments and the private sector are also resulting in increased emphasis on products that reduce costs, improve clinical results and expand access. Embecta’s ability to remain competitive will depend on how well it will meet these changing market demands in terms of its product offerings and marketing approaches.
The medical technology industry is subject to rapid technological change and frequent introduction of new products. The development of new or improved products, processes or technologies by other companies (such as new technologies to administer insulin) that provide better features, pricing, clinical outcomes or economic value may make Embecta’s existing or new products less competitive. In some instances, competitors, including pharmaceutical companies, also offer, or are attempting to develop, alternative therapies, including oral anti-diabetic drugs, GLP-1s and GLP-1 combination products, for disease states (including diabetes) that may be delivered without a medical device, such as pen needles. In some instances, competitors, including pharmaceutical companies, also offer, or are attempting to develop, alternative therapies for disease states (including diabetes) that may be delivered without a medical device, such as pen needles. Lower cost producers have also created pricing pressure, particularly in emerging markets. There can be no assurance that Embecta’s products will be commercially successful, and it is possible that its business will be adversely affected from time to time as a result of products developed by its competitors.
Consolidation among payers, retailers, wholesalers, healthcare systems, and other providers is resulting in greater purchasing power for these companies. Group purchasing organizations and integrated health delivery networks have also served to concentrate purchasing decisions for some customers, which has led to downward pricing pressure for medical device suppliers. Further consolidation in the industry could intensify competition among medical device suppliers and exert additional pressure on the demand for, and prices of, Embecta’s products.
Embecta generates a significant amount of its profits and cash flows from a few key products, and any events that adversely affect the sale or profitability of these products could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s sales, results of operations and cash flows.
Embecta’s ability to generate profits and operating cash flow depends largely upon the continued profitability of its key products, such as its pen needles and syringes. For example, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023, sales of pen needles (including both conventional and safety pen needles) accounted for $912 million, or 81%, of total net revenues. For example, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022, sales of pen needles (including both conventional and safety pen needles) accounted for $912 million, or 81%, of total net revenues. Any event that adversely affects the sale or profitability of this product could adversely affect Embecta’s sales, results of operations and cash flows. These adverse events could include a decrease in the demand for such products, the pressure to decrease the price of such products, any increase in costs of manufacturing such products or other supply chain disruptions, increased availability of competitive products, increased competition from the introduction of new products related to the treatment of diabetes or removal from the market of these products for any reason.
Technological breakthroughs in diabetes treatment or prevention may reduce demand for Embecta’s products.
The diabetes treatment industry is subject to technological change and product innovation. A number of companies and medical researchers are pursuing new ways to deliver insulin to patients, including insulin administration technologies that do not require the use of a needle, or to treat diabetes without the use of insulin or by delaying the use of insulin, such as oral anti-diabetic drugs, GLP-1s and GLP-1 combination products. A number of companies and medical researchers are pursuing new ways to deliver insulin to patients, including insulin administration technologies that do not require the use of a needle, or to treat diabetes without the use of insulin or by delaying the use of insulin. If they are successful in developing and commercializing these technologies or treatment therapies, the demand for Embecta’s products could decline. If they are successful in developing these technologies or treatment therapies, the demand for Embecta’s products could decline. Furthermore, the National Institutes of Health and other supporters of diabetes research are continually seeking ways to prevent diabetes. Any technological breakthroughs in diabetes prevention or treatment could decrease demand for Embecta’s products and have a material adverse effect on its business or results of operations.
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Embecta obtains components, services and raw materials for its products from third parties, including BD. These third parties may fail to perform under their agreements with Embecta, or there may be a reduction or interruption in the manufacturing and supply of these components and raw materials. Any such failure to perform or a reduction or interruption in supply could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s business and operations.
Embecta relies on a number of third parties to supply and manufacture the components, services and raw materials for its products. For example, in connection with the Separation and prior to the distribution, Embecta and BD entered into a cannula supply agreement, whereby BD sells to Embecta cannulas for incorporation into Embecta’s products for sale within the diabetes care sector. Cannulas are a component part of a wide variety of medical devices that use needles to deliver fluid into, or through which blood is drawn from, the body. BD retains ownership of all cannula production activities and all intellectual property rights of BD and its subsidiaries relating to cannula, the manufacture thereof and other critical cannula-related technology. Pricing under the cannula supply agreement is determined by BD based on several factors, including Embecta's yearly forecast, the cost of raw materials and other cost methodologies. The cannula supply agreement is terminable by BD without cause by providing at least 36 months’ written notice; however, such termination can be effective no earlier than ten years from the Separation. In the event of a change of control of Embecta, BD also has the right to terminate the cannula supply agreement. The cannula supply agreement will also terminate automatically, subject to a 36-month wind-down period, if Embecta’s yearly forecast is below the required minimum purchase amount, and the parties will have other customary termination rights for material breach or bankruptcy of the other party. Embecta is also limited to a maximum number of cannulas that it can purchase under the cannula supply agreement. If BD fails to perform under this agreement or BD terminates this agreement in accordance with its terms and, in either case, Embecta cannot find a way to purchase cannula from another party or manufacture cannula, or if Embecta needs to purchase more cannula than it is permitted under cannula supply agreement, Embecta may have insufficient cannulas for its products, which could materially adversely affect Embecta’s business, financial condition or results of operations.
In addition, in connection with the Separation, Embecta and BD entered into a lease agreement for a manufacturing facility location in Holdrege, Nebraska that Embecta leases from BD and several contract manufacturing agreements where BD provides certain manufacturing services to Embecta. If BD is unable to perform under these arrangements, terminates certain services or modifies its operations and Embecta cannot find substantially similar alternatives to perform these services or is forced to change its operations as a result, Embecta may incur additional costs, delays or other deficiencies in its operations, which could materially adversely affect Embecta’s business, financial condition or results of operations.
Embecta also obtains other component parts and raw materials from other third parties. 8Embecta also obtains other component parts and raw materials from other third parties. In many cases, Embecta does not have long-term supply agreements with suppliers of these component parts and raw materials, and its arrangements with these suppliers are on a purchase-order basis. Certain raw materials that we obtain from suppliers are subject to fluctuations in price and availability attributable to a number of factors, including general economic conditions, commodity price fluctuations, the demand by other companies for the same raw materials and the availability of complementary and substitute materials. In some cases, Embecta’s agreements with suppliers can be terminated by either party by convenience upon short notice.
Certain raw materials and components used in the manufacture of pen needles and syringes, including cannulas, certain oil-based resins and rubber stoppers, are not always available from multiple sources. New laws or regulations adopted in response to climate change could also increase energy and transportation costs, as well as the costs of certain raw materials and components. In addition, for quality assurance, cost-effectiveness and other reasons, Embecta purchases certain raw materials and components from a single supplier. The price and supply of these materials and components may be affected or disrupted for reasons beyond Embecta’s control. While Embecta works with suppliers to ensure continuity of supply, no assurance can be given that these efforts will be successful. In the event that any of its existing supply arrangements are terminated or there is a reduction or interruption of supply under these existing arrangements, Embecta expects that it will be able to enter into new arrangements with alternative suppliers, but these new arrangements may be on terms that are less favorable, including with respect to price and volume, and it may be costly or cause delays in Embecta’s manufacturing process to transition to a new supplier, particularly in cases in which Embecta must comply with regulatory requirements relating to qualification of new suppliers. The termination, reduction or interruption in supply of these raw materials and components could adversely impact Embecta’s ability to manufacture and sell certain of its products.
Third-party suppliers may encounter problems during manufacturing for a variety of reasons, including failure to follow specific protocols and procedures, failure to comply with applicable regulations, equipment malfunction, component part supply constraints, and environmental factors, any of which could delay or impede their ability to supply the components and raw materials for Embecta’s products. Any such failure to perform or a reduction or interruption in supply could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s business and operations.
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Embecta may experience difficulties and delays in the manufacturing of its products or sterilization operations, and any such difficulties and delays could adversely affect Embecta’s business.
Embecta may experience difficulties and delays inherent in manufacturing its products, such as failure of Embecta or its suppliers to comply with applicable regulations and quality assurance guidelines, which failures may lead to: manufacturing shutdowns or manufacturing delays; delays related to the construction of new facilities or the expansion of existing facilities; and other manufacturing or distribution problems, including changes in manufacturing production sites and limits to manufacturing capacity resulting from regulatory requirements, changes in types of products produced and physical limitations that could affect supply. In addition, Embecta could experience difficulties or delays in manufacturing its products caused by natural disasters. Manufacturing difficulties can also result in product shortages, leading to lost sales and reputational harm. In addition, many of Embecta’s products require sterilization prior to sale. In some instances, only a few facilities are qualified under applicable regulations to conduct this sterilization. To the extent Embecta or third parties (including BD) are unable to sterilize Embecta’s products, whether due to lack of capacity, increased demand, regulatory requirements or changes or otherwise, Embecta may be unable to transition sterilization to other sites or modalities in a timely or cost effective manner, or at all, which could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s business. To the extent Embecta or third parties (including BD) are unable to sterilize Embecta’s products, whether due to lack of capacity, regulatory requirements or otherwise, Embecta may be unable to transition sterilization to other sites or modalities in a timely or cost effective manner, or at all, which could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s business.
A substantial portion of Embecta’s revenue is derived from sales to a few customers. If these customers reduce the amount of product that they purchase from Embecta, reduce the amount that they are willing to pay for such products or increase charges to distribute such products, Embecta’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
A substantial portion of Embecta’s revenue is derived from sales to a few customers. For example, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023, gross sales to McKesson Corporation, Cardinal Health and Cencora, Embecta’s three largest distributors, together represented approximately 40% of Embecta’s worldwide gross sales. For example, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022, gross sales to McKesson Corporation, Cardinal Health and AmerisourceBergen Drug Corporation, Embecta’s three largest distributors, together represented approximately 40% of Embecta’s worldwide gross sales. The costs charged by these and other distributors to distribute Embecta’s products is also subject to negotiation, and such distributors may propose increases in such charges from time to time. In addition, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023, direct gross sales to the five largest retail pharmacies for Embecta’s products together represented approximately 14% of Embecta’s worldwide gross sales. If any of Embecta’s largest customers reduce the amount of product that they purchase from Embecta, negotiate a reduced price for such products or increase the charges to distribute such products, each could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta’s products are subject to continuous reimbursement, coverage and access scrutiny by both private and government payers, including the scope of products covered, access and coverage among product brands and manufacturers, reimbursement limitations and price adjustment restrictions. A change in any of these factors could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s financial condition and results of operations.
In the United States, both public and private payers continue to take aggressive steps to control their expenditures for medical devices by placing restrictions on how many and which brands of devices they will provide coverage for across the spectrum of available products. Important competitive factors include quality, price, price guarantees and demonstrated ability to supply markets. Any failure by Embecta to differentiate its products with existing payers based on these and other factors or establish new payer relationships may adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, consolidation and integration among healthcare institutions and providers significantly affects the competitive landscape for medical devices. Health plans, pharmacy benefit managers, wholesalers, and other supply chain stakeholders have been consolidating into fewer, larger entities, thus enhancing their purchasing strength and importance. Specifically, private third-party insurers and governments typically maintain formularies that specify coverage (the conditions under which drugs and medical devices are included on a plan’s formulary) and reimbursement (including both the associated out-of-pocket cost to the consumer and payment to the distributor) to control costs by negotiating discounted prices, inflation guarantees and other terms in exchange for formulary inclusion.
Adverse formulary placement can lead to reduced usage of a medical device for the relevant patient population due to coverage restrictions, such as prior authorizations and formulary exclusions, or due to reimbursement limitations that result in higher consumer out-of-pocket cost, such as nonpreferred co-pay tiers, increased co-insurance levels, and higher deductibles. Consequently, medical device companies compete for formulary placement not only on the basis of product attributes but also by providing rebates. Price to the end customer is an increasingly important factor in formulary decisions, particularly in treatment areas in which the payer has taken the position that multiple branded products are therapeutically comparable (like that of diabetes). These downward pricing pressures could continue to negatively affect Embecta’s business. In addition to formulary placement, changes in insurance designs continue to drive greater consumer cost-sharing through high deductible plans and higher co-insurance or co-pays, increasing consumer sensitivity to product choice.
Embecta is consistently managing the burden of continued pressures associated with payers’ discount requirements to maintain positive formulary positions. If Embecta fails to maintain these formulary positions or reduces prices on its
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products to maintain these formulary positions, it could adversely affect Embecta’s results of operations. In addition to the evolving payer market that continues to put price pressure on Embecta’s products, new competitors have emerged. Competitors that are new to the pen needle and insulin syringe categories, along with some that have emerged to begin engaging with payers, have accelerated the focus on these product categories, providing payers more choices for formulary partners within these medical device categories.
In addition to the ongoing challenges faced across the United States, Embecta faces similar access, pricing and reimbursement trends outside of the United States. Although payers’ preferences for particular devices varies regionally, key foundational considerations for choice include: product specifications, clinical evidence demonstrating efficacy, positive clinical outcomes, investment in proper injection technique training for customers and patients, and pricing. Although payers’ preferences for particular devices varies regionally, key foundational considerations for choice include: product specifications, clinical evidence demonstrating efficacy and positive clinical outcomes and pricing. Embecta is challenged to deliver new, innovative and differentiated products, along with price concessions, in markets outside of the United States, and price guarantees in these regions are critical to maintain access to key distributors and end users. For example, in EMEA (which includes Europe, the Middle East and Africa), the demand for medical devices that are paid out of pocket by the end user is limited. Access to these products is largely defined by the availability and size of government reimbursement, or, in a limited number of countries, the ability of manufacturers to negotiate reimbursement directly with insurance companies. In China, the most notable threat continues to be access through volume-based procurement and Group Purchasing Organizations ("GPOs"), with potential significant price erosion and cost containment within the healthcare landscape. These continued pricing pressures could adversely affect Embecta’s financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta may enter into strategic collaborations, in-licensing arrangements or alliances with third parties that may not result in the development of commercially viable products or the generation of revenue.
In the ordinary course of its business, Embecta may enter into strategic collaborations, in-licensing arrangements or alliances to develop product candidates. Other companies, including those with substantially greater financial, marketing, sales, technology or other resources, may compete with us for these arrangements. These arrangements are subject to a variety of risks, including:
Embecta may not identify or secure these collaborations in a timely manner, on a cost-effective basis, on acceptable terms or at all;
these collaborations may not result in the development of products that achieve commercial success or result in any revenue to Embecta;
Embecta may not exercise sole decision making authority with respect to material development, regulatory submission, or commercial decisions under these collaborations, resulting in gridlock with its partners, and its collaborators may have economic or business interests or goals that are, or that may become, inconsistent with its business interests or goals;
Embecta may have limited control over the amount and timing of resources that its current collaborators or any future collaborators devote to its collaborators’ or its future products;
disputes between Embecta and its collaborators may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase Embecta’s expenses and divert the attention of its management; and
these collaborations may be terminated or dissolved in accordance with their terms prior to the development of any Embecta products or any realization by Embecta of any other benefits.
Embecta’s sales and marketing efforts rely upon independent distributors that are free to market products that compete with Embecta’s products, and if Embecta is unable to maintain or expand its network of independent distributors, its business could be materially adversely affected.
Embecta believes that a significant portion of its sales will continue to be from independent distributors for the foreseeable future, and it is possible that the percentage of its sales from independent distributors could increase. None of Embecta’s independent distributors in the United States has been required to sell Embecta’s products exclusively, and each of them may freely sell the products of Embecta’s competitors. If Embecta is unable to maintain or expand its network of independent distributors, its sales may be negatively affected. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023, McKesson Corporation, Cardinal Health and Cencora, Embecta’s three largest distributors, together represented approximately 40% of Embecta’s worldwide gross sales. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022, McKesson Corporation, Cardinal Health and AmerisourceBergen Drug Corporation, Embecta’s three largest distributors, together represented approximately 40% of Embecta’s worldwide gross sales. If any of Embecta's key independent distributors were to cease to distribute Embecta’s products or reduce their promotion of such products as compared to the products of Embecta’s competitors, Embecta may need to seek alternative independent distributors or increase its reliance on other independent distributors or its direct sales representatives, which alternative arrangements may not be sufficient to prevent a material reduction in sales of its products. If any of its key independent distributors were to cease to distribute Embecta’s products or reduce their promotion of such products as compared to the products of Embecta’s competitors, Embecta may need to seek alternative independent distributors or increase its reliance on other independent distributors or its direct sales representatives, which alternative arrangements may not be sufficient to prevent a material reduction in sales of its products.
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Embecta’s future growth is dependent in part upon the development of new products, and there can be no assurance that such products will be developed or be successful.
A significant element of Embecta’s strategy is to increase revenue growth by focusing on innovation and new product development. For example, Embecta is currently working on developing an insulin patch pump focused on serving the needs of people with Type 2 diabetes. However, potential products are still in the product development phase, and Embecta has not yet submitted an application to the FDA seeking clearance for these products. In addition, even if Embecta submits an application to the FDA for clearance, there is no assurance that such clearance will be obtained or that Embecta will be able to market and sell such products successfully. New product development requires significant investment in research and development. The results of Embecta’s product development efforts may be affected by a number of factors, including Embecta’s ability to anticipate the needs of people with diabetes, successfully complete clinical trials, obtain regulatory clearance and approvals for its products, manufacture such products in a cost-effective manner, obtain appropriate intellectual property protection for such products, gain and maintain market acceptance of such products, secure distribution channels, and obtain access, coverage and reimbursement for such products. There can be no assurance that Embecta will be able to successfully develop or commercialize any products now in development or that Embecta may seek to develop or commercialize in the future.
If the third parties on which Embecta relies to conduct its clinical trials and to assist it with pre-clinical development do not perform as contractually required or expected, or if market or clinical studies are unfavorable to its products in development, Embecta may not be able to obtain regulatory clearance or approval or commercialize its products.
Embecta relies on third parties, such as contract research organizations, medical institutions, clinical investigators, contract laboratories and other third parties, to conduct some of its clinical trials, human factors studies and pre-clinical investigations. If these third parties do not successfully carry out their contractual duties or regulatory obligations or meet expected deadlines, or if the quality or accuracy of the data they obtain is compromised due to failure to adhere to the clinical protocols or regulatory requirements or for other reasons, Embecta’s pre-clinical development activities or clinical trials may be extended, delayed, suspended or terminated, and Embecta may not be able to obtain regulatory clearance or approval for, or successfully commercialize, its products on a timely basis, or at all, and Embecta’s business and operating results may be adversely affected. If these third parties do not successfully carry out their contractual duties or regulatory obligations or meet expected deadlines, or if the quality or accuracy of the data they obtain is compromised due to failure to adhere to Embecta’s clinical protocols or regulatory requirements or for other reasons, Embecta’s pre-clinical development activities or clinical trials may be extended, delayed, suspended or terminated, and Embecta may not be able to obtain regulatory clearance or approval for, or successfully commercialize, its products on a timely basis, or at all, and Embecta’s business and operating results may be adversely affected. Furthermore, such third parties may experience delays in conducting such studies and trials for reasons outside of their control. In addition, Embecta faces the risk of potential unauthorized disclosure or misappropriation of its intellectual property by contract research organizations, which may reduce Embecta’s trade secret protection and allow its potential competitors to access and exploit its proprietary technology.
In addition, if future clinical trials fail to support the efficacy or safety of Embecta’s current or future products or if the data obtained from such studies are unfavorable or inadequate to support satisfactory conclusions about Embecta’s current or future products, Embecta’s sales may be adversely affected and may have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, future clinical studies or other articles regarding Embecta’s existing products or any competing products may be published that either support a claim, or are perceived to support a claim, that a competitor’s product is clinically more effective or easier to use than Embecta’s existing products or products in development or that any such product is not as effective as Embecta claims. In addition, future clinical studies or other articles regarding Embecta’s existing products or any competing products may be published that either support a claim, or are perceived to support a claim, that a competitor’s product is clinically more effective or easier to use than Embecta’s insulin patch pump and/or finer gauged pen needle in development 11or that any such product is not as effective as Embecta claims. Any of these events may negatively affect Embecta’s sales efforts and result in decreased revenue.
Embecta’s failure to maintain strong relationships with physicians and other healthcare professionals could adversely affect its business.
Embecta depends on its ability to maintain strong working relationships with physicians and other healthcare professionals in connection with research and development for some of its products. Embecta relies on these professionals to provide it with considerable knowledge and advice regarding the development and use of these products. If Embecta fails to maintain its working relationships with physicians and, as a result, no longer has the benefit of their knowledge and advice, Embecta’s products may not be developed in a manner that is responsive to the needs and expectations of the professionals who use and support such products, which could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s business.
Embecta may not be able to successfully execute its acquisition strategy, which could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta intends to explore strategic partnerships and acquisition opportunities that enable it to accelerate its growth. There is no assurance that future acquisitions will be available on attractive terms and Embecta’s ability to consummate any acquisition will be subject to various risks and uncertainties, including the negotiation of agreements on satisfactory terms, obtaining applicable regulatory clearances and approvals and, after consummation, achieving anticipated synergies and other benefits. If Embecta does not successfully execute on its acquisition strategy, it could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
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Embecta’s international operations subject it to certain business risks.
A substantial amount of Embecta’s sales come from its operations outside the United States, and Embecta intends to continue to pursue growth opportunities outside of the United States, especially in emerging markets. Embecta’s international operations subject it to certain risks relating to, among other things, fluctuations in foreign currency exchange, local economic and political conditions, competition from local companies, increases in trade protectionism, United States relations with the governments of the foreign countries in which Embecta operates, foreign regulatory requirements or changes in such requirements, changes in local healthcare payment systems and healthcare delivery systems, local product preferences and requirements, longer payment terms for account receivables than we experience in the United States, difficulty in establishing, staffing and managing foreign operations, changes to international trade agreements and treaties, changes in tax laws, weakening or loss of the protection of intellectual property rights in some countries and import or export licensing requirements. The success of Embecta’s international operations also depends, in part, on its ability to make necessary infrastructure enhancements to, among other things, its production facilities and sales and distribution networks. These and other factors may adversely impact its ability to pursue its growth strategy in these regions.
In addition to the risks discussed elsewhere, other risks associated with doing business internationally, include, but are not limited to:
political instability and actual or anticipated military or political conflicts;
trade protection measures and barriers, such as tariffs, and import and export licensing and control requirements;
negative consequences from changes in or interpretations of tax laws;
difficulty in establishing, staffing and managing international operations;
difficulties associated with foreign legal systems, including increased costs associated with enforcing contractual obligations in foreign jurisdictions;
changes in regulatory requirements;
adapting to the differing laws and regulations, business and clinical practices, and consumer preferences in foreign markets;
difficulties in managing foreign relationships and operations, including any relationships that we establish with foreign partners, distributors or sales or marketing agents; and
difficulty in collecting accounts receivable and longer collection periods.
In addition, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Acts (FCPA), the U.K. Bribery Act, and similar anti-corruption and anti-bribery laws enacted outside the United States generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Global enforcement of anti-corruption laws has increased substantially in recent years, with more enforcement proceedings by United States and foreign governmental agencies and the imposition of significant fines and penalties. Embecta’s international operations, which often involve customer relationships with foreign governments or government-sponsored healthcare systems, create the risk that there may be unauthorized payments or offers of payments made by employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors. Embecta’s international operations, which often involve customer relationships with foreign governments, create the risk that there may be unauthorized payments or offers of payments made by employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors. Because Embecta does business in the U.K., the U.K. Bribery Act also extends to its interaction with public and private sector entities and persons outside the U.K., including in the United States. Embecta’s policies mandate compliance with these laws. Embecta operates in parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree, and in certain circumstances strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. Embecta may enter into strategic collaborations, in-licensing arrangements or alliances with third parties that may not result in the development of commercially viable products or the generation of revenue. Despite Embecta’s training and compliance programs, its internal control policies and procedures may not always protect Embecta from reckless or criminal acts committed by its employees or agents. Any alleged or actual violations of these laws may subject Embecta to government investigations and significant criminal or civil sanctions and other liabilities, including exclusion from government contracting, which could negatively affect our reputation, could disrupt Embecta’s business and have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial condition, and cash flow. Any alleged or actual violations of these laws may subject 12Embecta to government investigations and significant criminal or civil sanctions and other liabilities, and negatively affect its reputation.
Changes in United States policy regarding international trade, including import and export regulation and international trade agreements, could also negatively impact Embecta’s business. The United States has imposed tariffs and export controls on certain goods and products imported from China and certain other countries, which has resulted in retaliatory tariffs by China and other countries. Additional tariffs imposed by the United States on a broader range of imports, or further retaliatory trade measures taken by China or other countries in response, could result in an increase in supply chain costs that Embecta may not be able to offset or that otherwise adversely impact its results of operations. In addition, political tensions between the United States and China have escalated in recent years. Rising political tensions could reduce trade, investment and other economic activities between the two major economies. Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
The departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union (“EU”) (commonly known as “Brexit”) on January 31, 2020 created uncertainties affecting business operations in the United Kingdom, the EU and a number of other countries, including with respect to compliance with the regulatory regimes regarding the labeling and registration of the products
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Embecta sells in these markets. Embecta could face increased costs, volatility in exchange rates, market instability and other risks as a result of Brexit.
The military conflict between Russia and Ukraine has resulted in the implementation of sanctions by the United States and other governments against Russia and has caused significant volatility and disruptions to the global markets. It is not possible to predict the short- and long-term implications of this conflict, which could include but are not limited to further sanctions, uncertainty about economic and political stability, increases in inflation rate and energy prices, supply chain challenges and adverse effects on currency exchange rates and financial markets. In addition, the United States government reported that United States sanctions against Russia in response to the conflict could lead to an increased threat of cyberattacks against United States companies. These increased threats could pose risks to the security of Embecta’s Information Technology systems, networks and product offerings, as well as the confidentiality, availability and integrity of Embecta’s data. These increased threats could pose risks to the security of our Information Technology systems, networks and product offerings, as well as the confidentiality, availability and integrity of our data. In addition, the recent hostilities in Israel could develop to have a more widespread economic and geopolitical affect in the Middle East and Europe, and/or economic sanctions between or among countries, as well as general geopolitical issues in the Middle East. This may impact oil production capacity, oil prices, and disruptions in supply chain and shipping routes in the Middle East. These impacts may further cause increases in resin costs, as well as energy costs. If these conflicts develop beyond these areas or further intensify, they could have an adverse impact on Embecta’s business operations in the EU, the Middle East or other affected areas. Embecta is continuing to monitor the situations in Ukraine, Israel and globally as well as assess their potential impact on Embecta’s business, including impacts to suppliers and customers. Although operations in Russia, Ukraine and Israel do not currently constitute a material portion of Embecta’s business, a significant escalation or further expansion of the conflicts’ current scope or related disruptions to the global markets could have a material adverse effect on Embecta’s results of operations. Although operations in Russia and Ukraine do not constitute a material portion of our business, a significant escalation or further expansion of the conflict's current scope or related disruptions to the global markets could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, and the Bureau of Industry and Security at the U.S. Department of Commerce, administer certain laws and regulations that restrict U.S. persons and, in some instances, non-U.S. persons, in conducting activities, and transacting business with or making investments in certain countries, governments, entities and individuals subject to U.S. economic sanctions. Due to Embecta’s international operations, it is subject to such laws and regulations, which are complex, restrict its business dealings with certain countries and individuals, and are constantly changing. Further restrictions may be enacted, amended, enforced or interpreted in a manner that materially impacts Embecta’s operations.
Violations of these regulations are punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions, asset seizures, debarment from government contracts and revocations or restrictions of licenses, as well as criminal fines and imprisonment. Embecta has established procedures designed to assist with its compliance with such laws and regulations. However, Embecta has only limited experience dealing with these laws and regulations and it cannot guarantee that its procedures will effectively prevent it from violating these regulations in every transaction in which Embecta may engage. Any such violation could adversely affect Embecta’s reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations. Any such indemnification could materially adversely affect Embecta’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Embecta’s business and operations are subject to risks related to climate change.
The long-term effects of global climate change present risks to Embecta’s business and operations.The long-term effects of global climate change present risks to our business. Extreme weather, natural disasters or other conditions caused by climate change could adversely impact its supply chain and the availability and cost of raw materials and components, energy supply, transportation or other inputs required for the operation of its business. Such conditions could also result in physical damage to products, plants and distribution centers, or our suppliers' facilities, as well as the infrastructure and facilities of hospitals, medical care facilities and other customers. Such conditions could also result in physical damage to products, plants and distribution centers, as well as the infrastructure and facilities of hospitals, medical care facilities and other customers. Additionally, increased environmental regulation, including to address climate change, may result in increases in the costs to operate its business or restrict certain aspects of its activities. These events could adversely affect Embecta’s operations and our financial performance. These events could adversely affect our operations and our financial performance.
Embecta's business could be negatively impacted by evolving regulations, policies and expectations relating to environmental, social and governance (ESG) initiatives, setting related goals, collecting data and disclosing related information.
There is an increasing focus from certain investors, customers, consumers, employees and other stakeholders concerning ESG matters. Additionally, public interest and legislative pressure related to public companies’ ESG practices continue to grow. These changing rules, regulations and stakeholder expectations have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased general and administrative expenses and increased management time and attention spent complying with or meeting such regulations and expectations. A number of participants in the medical device industry are also joining voluntary ESG groups or organizations, such as the Responsible Business Alliance. These ESG provisions and initiatives are subject to change, can be unpredictable, and may be difficult and expensive for us to comply with, given the complexity of our supply chain and operations. If our ESG practices fail to meet regulatory requirements or investor, customer, consumer, employee or other stakeholders' evolving expectations and standards in areas including environmental stewardship, support for local communities, Board of Directors and employee diversity, human capital management,
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employee health and safety practices, product quality, supply chain management, corporate governance and transparency, our reputation, brand and employee retention may be negatively impacted, and our customers and suppliers may be unwilling to continue to do business with us. Further, statements about our ESG-related initiatives and goals, and progress against those goals, may be based on standards for measuring progress that are still developing, internal controls and processes that continue to evolve, and assumptions that are subject to change in the future. In addition, we could be criticized for the scope or nature of such initiatives or goals, or for any revisions to these goals. If we do not adapt to or comply with new regulations, or fail to meet evolving investor, industry or stakeholder expectations and concerns regarding ESG issues, investors may reconsider their capital investment in our Company, and customers may choose to stop purchasing our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business or financial condition.
Foreign currency exchange rate, inflation, commodity price, energy and oil prices and supply, and interest rate fluctuations may adversely affect Embecta’s financial condition and results of operations.Foreign currency exchange rate, inflation, commodity price, energy prices and supply, and interest rate fluctuations may adversely affect Embecta’s financial condition and results of operations.
Embecta is exposed to a variety of market risks, including the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, energy resource prices and uninterrupted energy supply, and interest rates. Products manufactured in, and sold into, regions outside of the United States represent a significant portion of Embecta’s operations. The Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect translation of financial statements denominated in non-United States currencies to United States dollars as well as the foreign currency exchange gains and losses resulting from the re-measurement of assets and liabilities. The Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect translation of financial statements denominated in non-United States currencies to United States dollars as well as the foreign currency exchange gains and losses resulting from the re-measurement of assets and liabilities. A strengthening or weakening of the United States dollar in relation to the foreign currencies of the countries in which Embecta sells or manufacture its products, such as the euro, will affect its United States dollar-reported revenue and income. Changes in the relative values of currencies may, in some instances, have a significant effect on its results of operations.
Many of Embecta’s products have significant resin content. Embecta also uses quantities of other commodities, such as rubber, corrugate and steel. Increases in the prices of these commodities, including due to inflation in the United States or in other markets, could increase the production and other input costs of Embecta’s products. Embecta may not be able to pass on these costs to its customers, which could have a material adverse effect on its results of operations and cash flows.
The Russia and Ukraine conflict, the Israel-Hamas war and the growing geopolitical tensions between China and Taiwan, coupled with possible related supply chain shortages may affect the energy power and oil sector’s networks and ability to supply their customers, including Embecta. These disruptions may lead to manufacturing shutdowns, raw material and component shortages, supply chain and logistics constraints, project delays, loss of productivity, divergent product standards and regulations, trade policies, labor shortages, commodity shortages, and price increases, among others. These disruptions may lead to manufacturing shutdowns, component shortages, logistics constraints, project delays, loss of productivity, divergent product standards and regulations, trade policies, labor shortages, commodity shortages, and price increases, among others. Embecta relies on uninterrupted energy to power its manufacturing facilities and any disruption could adversely affect its operations. In addition, increases in energy and oil prices could increase the production, raw materials and other costs of Embecta’s operations and products. In addition, increases in energy prices could increase the production and other costs of Embecta’s operations and products.